Stability study and determination of benzene- and naphthalenesulfonates following an on-line solid-phase extraction method using the new programmable field extraction system.
ABSTRACT Seven benzene- and naphthalenesulfonates (3-nitrobenzenesulfonate, 4-methylbenzenesulfonate, 1-hydroxy-4-naphthalenesulfonate, 1-amino-7-naphthalenesulfonate, 4-chlorobenzenesulfonate, 1-naphthalenesulfonate and 2-naphthalenesulfonate) were studied. A rapid method for quantifying aromatic sulfonated compounds from waste water samples was developed. This method consists in on-line in-field sampling and monitoring based on ion-pair solid-phase extraction with PLRP-S sorbent, using the new programmable field extraction system and ion-pair liquid chromatography with UV diode-array and electrospray mass spectrometry. Limits of detection for the studied compounds, using the SIM acquisition mode, ranged from 0.01 to 0.33 ng ml(-1). The influence of the aqueous matrix on the on-line SPE was checked by spiking ground and waste waters. Recoveries varied from 70 to 99% when 10 ml of water sample were enriched. The method was applied to the analysis of some environmental sewage samples. This study confirmed that high concentration levels of aromatic sulfonated compounds can be found in sewage samples. In addition, the stability of the seven studied sulfonated benzene and naphthalene compounds was investigated using on-line polymeric SPE pre-columns, based on the styrene-divinylbenzene polymer PLRP-S. Different storage conditions were tested to carry out the stability survey, which included storage at room temperature, at 4 degrees C and at -20 degrees C, during a period of up to 2 weeks. This study showed that the stability of aromatic sulfonic acids on disposable on-line SPE polymeric pre-columns is related to temperature and that the target compounds are more stable at lower temperatures.