Antibacterial effect of a magnetic field on Serratia marcescens and related virulence to Hordeum vulgare and Rubus fruticosus callus cells.
ABSTRACT The exposure to a static magnetic field of 80+/-20 Gauss (8+/-2 mT) resulted in the inhibition of Serratia marcescens growth. Callus cell suspensions from Hordeum vulgare and Rubus fruticosus were also examined and only the former was found to be affected by the magnetic field, which induced a decreased viability. S. marcescens was shown to be virulent only toward H. vulgare and this virulence was reduced by the presence of the magnetic field. The modification of glutathione peroxidase activity under the different experimental conditions allowed us to speculate on the possibility of an oxidative-stress response of H. vulgare both to S. marcescens infection and magnetic field exposure. Since the control of microbial growth by physical agents is of interest for agriculture, medicine and food sciences, the investigation presented herein could serve as a starting point for future studies on the efficacy of static magnetic field as low-cost/easy-handling preservative agent.
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ABSTRACT: Abstract This study presents results of research on the influence of rotating magnetic field (RMF) of the induction of 30 mT and the frequency of 50 Hz on the growth dynamics and cell metabolic activity of E. coli and S. aureus, depending on the exposure time. The studies showed that the RMF caused an increase in the growth and cell metabolic activity of all the analyzed bacterial strains, especially in the time interval t = 30 to 150 min. However, it was also found that the optical density and cell metabolic activity after exposition to RMF were significantly higher in S. aureus cultures. In turn, the study of growth dynamics, revealed a rapid and a significant decrease in these values from t = 90 min) in the case of E. coli samples. The obtained results prove that RMF (B = 30 mT, f = 50 Hz) has a stimulatory effect on the growth and metabolic activity of E. coli and S. aureus. Furthermore, taking into account the time of exposure, stronger influence of RMF on the viability was observed in S. aureus cultures, which may indicate that this effect depends on the shape of the exposed cells.Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine 05/2013; · 0.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study was carried out to explore the adaptive mechanisms of S. typhimurium particularly, the implication of the Dam methyltransferase in the remodelling of membrane lipid composition to overcome magnetic field stress. With this aim, we focused our analyses on the increase in viable numbers and membrane lipid modifications of S. typhimurium wild-type and dam mutant cells exposed for 10h to static magnetic fields (SMF; 200 mT). For the wild-type strain, exposure to SMF induced a significant decrease (p<0.05) of CFU at 6h, followed by an increase between 8 and 10h. Growth of the dam mutant was significantly affected (p<0.05) after 6h and no recovery was observed until 10h, highlighting a different behavior of SMF stressed wild-type and dam mutant strains. SMF significantly affected the phospholipid proportions in the two strains. The most affected were those of the acidic phospholipids, cardiolipins (CL). In the dam strain the phospholipid response to SMF followed a globally similar trend as in the wild-type with however lower effects, leading mainly to an unusual accumulation of CL. This would in part explain the different behavior of the wild-type and the dam strain. Results showed a significant increase of membrane cyclic fatty acids Cyc17 and Cyc19 in the wild-type strain but only the Cyc17 in the dam strain and a meaningful increase of the total unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs) to total saturated fatty acids (SFAs) ratios of the exposed cells compared to controls from 3 to 9h (p<0.05) for both strains. The net increase of the total UFAs to total SFAs ratios seemed to result mainly from the increase of (C18:1) proportion (p<0.05) and to a lower extent from that of (C16:1) (p<0.05). These modifications of cyclic and unsaturated fatty acid proportions constitute an adaptive response to SMF stress in S. typhimurium wild-type and dam mutants to maintain an optimum level of membrane fluidity under SMF.International journal of food microbiology 05/2012; 157(2):259-66. · 3.01 Impact Factor