Physical and functional interaction of the Arabidopsis K(+) channel AKT2 and phosphatase AtPP2CA.

Laboratoire de Biochimie et Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5004 Agro-M/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique/Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique/Université Montpellier II, France.
The Plant Cell (Impact Factor: 9.25). 06/2002; 14(5):1133-46.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The AKT2 K(+) channel is endowed with unique functional properties, being the only weak inward rectifier characterized to date in Arabidopsis. The gene is expressed widely, mainly in the phloem but also at lower levels in leaf epiderm, mesophyll, and guard cells. The AKT2 mRNA level is upregulated by abscisic acid. By screening a two-hybrid cDNA library, we isolated a protein phosphatase 2C (AtPP2CA) involved in abscisic acid signaling as a putative partner of AKT2. We further confirmed the interaction by in vitro binding studies. The expression of AtPP2CA (beta-glucuronidase reporter gene) displayed a pattern largely overlapping that of AKT2 and was upregulated by abscisic acid. Coexpression of AtPP2CA with AKT2 in COS cells and Xenopus laevis oocytes was found to induce both an inhibition of the AKT2 current and an increase of the channel inward rectification. Site-directed mutagenesis and pharmacological analysis revealed that this functional interaction involves AtPP2CA phosphatase activity. Regulation of AKT2 activity by AtPP2CA in planta could allow the control of K(+) transport and membrane polarization during stress situations.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plants are generally well adapted to a wide range of environmental conditions. Even though they have notably prospered in our planet, stressful conditions such as salinity, drought and cold or heat, which are increasingly being observed worldwide in the context of the ongoing climate changes, limit their growth and productivity. Behind the remarkable ability of plants to cope with these stresses and still thrive, sophisticated and efficient mechanisms to re-establish and maintain ion and cellular homeostasis are involved. Among the plant arsenal to maintain homeostasis are efficient stress sensing and signaling mechanisms, plant cell detoxification systems, compatible solute and osmoprotectant accumulation and a vital rearrangement of solute transport and compartmentation. The key role of solute transport systems and signaling proteins in cellular homeostasis is addressed in the present work. The full understanding of the plant cell complex defense mechanisms under stress may allow for the engineering of more tolerant plants or the optimization of cultivation practices to improve yield and productivity, which is crucial at the present time as food resources are progressively scarce.
    Plant and Cell Physiology 08/2011; 52(9):1583-602. · 4.98 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Plants have evolved elaborate mechanisms to perceive and integrate signals from various environmental conditions. On leaf surface, stomata formed by pairs of guard cells mediate gas exchange, water transpiration as well as function in response to abiotic and biotic stresses. Stomatal closure could be induced by drought, salt, pathogen and other adverse conditions. This constitutes an instant defense response to prevent further damage to plants. Abscisic acid (ABA) is a major plant hormone involved in stress responses. Stress-activated ABA synthesis causes stomatal closure and prevents opening to reduce water loss and cell dehydration. Key regulatory receptor complex and other important components in the ABA signaling pathway have been identified. However, our knowledge of ABA signal transduction in guard cells is far from complete. Jasmonates are a group of phytohormones generally known to be important for plant defense against insects and necrotrophic pathogens. The increased levels of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) induced by herbivory and pathogen invasion show a similar effect on stomatal movement associated with ROS production as ABA. Investigation of guard cell signaling networks involving the two important phytohormones is significant and exciting. Information about protein and metabolite components and how they interact in guard cells is lacking. Here we review recent advances on hormone signaling networks in guard cells and how the networks integrate environmental signals to plant physiological output.
    Frontiers in Biology. 7(2).
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As one of the most important mineral nutrient elements, potassium (K(+)) participates in many plant physiological processes and determines the yield and quality of crop production. In this review, we summarize K(+) signaling processes and K(+) transport regulation in higher plants, especially in plant responses to K(+)-deficiency stress. Plants perceive external K(+) fluctuations and generate the initial K(+) signal in root cells. This signal is transduced into the cytoplasm and encoded as Ca(2+) and reactive oxygen species signaling. K(+)-deficiency-induced signals are subsequently decoded by cytoplasmic sensors, which regulate the downstream transcriptional and posttranslational responses. Eventually, plants produce a series of adaptive events in both physiological and morphological alterations that help them survive K(+) deficiency. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Plant Biology Volume 64 is April 29, 2013. Please see for revised estimates.
    Annual Review of Plant Biology 01/2013; · 18.71 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 15, 2014