Human cytomegalovirus induces drug resistance and alteration of programmed cell death by accumulation of deltaN-p73alpha.
ABSTRACT Intrauterine transmission of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) to the fetus following primary infection in early and late pregnancy usually results in severe neurological handicaps and sensorineural hearing loss with typical migrational anomalies, optic atrophy, disturbed myelination, cerebella hypoplasia, microcephaly, hydrocephaly, and lissencephaly. Recently, evidences raised from the phenotype of p73-deficient mice show that an association may exist between the expression of the TP53 homologous gene and HCMV tropism in the brain, suggesting an implication of p73 in viral persistence. In this study, we demonstrated that HCMV-mediated inhibition of apoptosis only occurs in p73-expressing cells. Upon infection, an accumulation of deltaN-p73alpha isoforms was observed in HCMV-infected p73-positive cells. This phenomenon was shown to be responsible for the subsequent acquired resistance to apoptosis of infected cells. Inhibition of apoptosis in p73-positive cells by HCMV may thus contribute both to virus persistency and abnormal nervous cell survival. This finding provides the first molecular basis for HCMV-associated abnormal embryonic development and neurological defects in newborns.
Article: DNA methylation of multiple genes in vestibular schwannoma: Relationship with clinical and radiological findings.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the DNA methylation profile of several genes in a series of vestibular schwannomas, and to analyze its relationship with clinical and radiological features. Aberrant methylation of promoter regions is a major mechanism for silencing of tumor suppressor genes in several tumors. There is limited information about methylation status in vestibular schwannoma, with no clinical or radiological implications described to date. The methylation status of 16 tumor-related genes including RASSF1A, RAR-B, VHL, PTEN, HMLH1, RB1, TP16, CASP8, ER, TIMP3, MGMT, DAPK, TP73, GSTP1, TP14, and THBS1 was examined in a series of 22 vestibular schwannomas.The bisulfite modification of genomic DNA was performed. Clinical and radiological features were compared with the methylation results. Methylation values from 9% to 27% were found in 12 of 16 genes tested, including RASSF1A, VHL, PTEN, TP16, CASP8, TIMP3, MGMT, DAPK, THBS1, HMLH1, TP73, and GSTP1. A significant association was found between CASP8 and RASSF1A methylation. Methylation of CASP8 was associated with the patient's age and the tumor size. Methylation of TP73 was associated with hearing loss. RASSF1A methylation was inversely correlated with the clinical growth index. Aberrant methylation of tumor-related genes may play a role in the development of vestibular schwannomas. Our results may provide useful clues to the development of prognostic assays for these tumors.Ontology & Neurotology 01/2007; 27(8):1180-5. · 1.90 Impact Factor
Article: The molecular biology of vestibular schwannomas and its association with hearing loss: a review.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Hearing loss is the most common symptom in patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS). In the past, compressive mechanisms caused by the tumoral mass and its growth have been regarded as the most likely causes of the hearing loss associated with VS. Interestingly, new evidence proposes molecular mechanisms as an explanation for such hearing loss. Among the molecular mechanisms proposed are methylation of TP73, negative expression of cyclin D1, expression of B7-H1, increased expression of the platelet-derived growth factor A, underexpression of PEX5L, RAD54B, and PSMAL, and overexpression of CEA. Many molecular mechanisms are involved in vestibular schwannoma development; we review some of these mechanisms with special emphasis on hearing loss associated with vestibular schwannoma.Genetics research international. 01/2012; 2012:856157.