Cytogenetic characterization of Brazilian Paspalum accessions.
ABSTRACT Chromosome number, pairing relationship and meiotic behavior were evaluated in 24 Brazilian accessions of different Paspalum species as an initial screening to determine which of them might be useful in an interspecific hybridization program. The analysis showed that six were diploids, 16 tetraploids and two hexaploids. The pairing relationship was typical for the ploidy level and agreed with reported data. However, the meiotic behavior after diakinesis was much more abnormal than expected considering the pairing relationship. There was a high frequency of abnormal tetrads in the majority of accessions.
- Crop Science - CROP SCI. 01/1975; 15(2).
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ABSTRACT: Chromosome numbers are reported for 105 collections which represent 59 species belonging to 35 genera. For two of these genera:Blepharoneuron andTriniochloa no documented chromosome counts have been published to date. Records for the following species:Aristida arizonica, A. pansa, A. schiedeana, Blepharoneuron tricholepis, Deschampsia pringlei, Eragrostis palmeri,Leptochloa viscida, Munroa squarrosa, Panicum vaseyanum, Setaria grisebachii, andTriniochloa stipoides are the first for these taxa. Counts of 2n = 28 forAgrostis perennans, 2n = 20 forAegopogon cenchroides, 2n = 20 forBuchloË dactyloides, 2n = 54 forDigitaria filiformis, 2n = 60 and 2n = ca. 74 forEragrostis intermedia, 2n = 32 forErioneuron grandiflorum andE. pilosum, 2n = 44 forHilaria cenchroides, 2n = 38 and 2n = ca. 180 forHilaria mutica, 2n = 40 forPereilema crinitum, 2n = 28 forScleropogon brevifolius, 2n = ca. 108 forSetaria leucopila, and 2n = 36 forOplismenus burmannii are different from any published report for these species. Cytological information on Mexican material of the following ten species:Agrostis perennans, Aristida hamulosa,Bouteloua aristidoides, Eragrostis cilianensis, Sporobolus nealleyi, Tridens muticus,Digitaria filiformis, Hackelochloa granularis, Oplismenus burmannii, andPennisetum ciliare is here presented for the first time.Brittonia 04/1971; 23(2):105-117. · 0.65 Impact Factor
- Botanical Gazette 01/1983; 144(3).