Prevalence of constipation in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients and comparison with hemodialysis patients.
ABSTRACT Many hemodialysis patients suffer from constipation. The frequency of constipation has not been rigorously evaluated in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients, however. We conducted a survey on constipation in CAPD patients and compared the findings with those in hemodialysis patients through a questionnaire. Daily dietary fiber and potassium intake were calculated from the patients' dietary records. In the questionnaire, patients were asked about bowel frequency, stool consistency, straining, and use of laxatives and resins. The frequency of constipation was 28.9% in 204 CAPD patients and 63.1% in 268 hemodialysis patients. The hemodialysis patients had a 3.14 times higher relative risk of constipation than the CAPD patients. Only 3.4% of CAPD patients needed resin to avoid hyperkalemia. Of hemodialysis patients, 49% needed resin. Among the 261 hemodialysis patients, 205 (78.5%) suppressed an urge to defecate during hemodialysis therapy. Potassium and total dietary fiber intake per day were 1.8 +/- 0.5 g and 11.0 +/- 4.0 g in CAPD patients, which were higher (P < 0.01) than the values in hemodialysis patients--1.3 +/- 0.5 g and 5.9 +/- 2.7 g. The results suggest that constipation occurs less frequently in CAPD patients than in hemodialysis patients. The low rate of constipating drug administration, dialysis modality-based lifestyle, and higher total dietary fiber intake may cause the lower prevalence of constipation in CAPD patients.
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ABSTRACT: Although malnutrition is not uncommon in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients, there has never been a large-scale comparison study of nutritional status with these two dialysis modalities. We therefore assessed protein-calorie nutrition in 224 CAPD patients and 263 MHD patients who were treated in eight centers in Italy. The CAPD patients were slightly older than the MHD patients (60.2 +/- 14.2 years v 56.3 +/- 15.1 years; P < 0.01), had undergone dialysis for less time (2.32 +/- 2.10 years v 3.66 +/- 2.66 years; P < 0.0001), and had higher residual renal function (1.83 +/- 2.29 mL/min v 0.27 +/- 0.91 mL/min; P < 0.0001). Protein nitrogen appearance was 60.5 +/- 16.6 g/d and 61.9 +/- 16.5 g/d in the CAPD and MHD patients, respectively. In CAPD versus MHD patients, serum total protein and albumin tended to be lower; serum transferrin and midarm muscle circumference were similar; and relative body weight, skinfold thickness, and estimated percent body fat tended to be greater. These greater values in CAPD patients were particularly evident in those who were 65 years of age or older. Serum glucose, total cholesterol, and triglycerides also were greater in CAPD patients. The subjective global nutritional assessment indicated a significantly greater proportion of malnourished CAPD patients than MHD patients (42.3% v 30.8%). The greater prevalence of malnutrition in CAPD patients diminished with age. Maintenance hemodialysis patients older than 76 years were more likely to be malnourished than CAPD patients. In patients less than 65 years of age, protein-calorie malnutrition was more likely to be present in CAPD patients than in MHD patients.American Journal of Kidney Diseases 09/1995; 26(3):475-86. · 5.29 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Constipation is a common complaint in older patients. Contributing factors are impaired general health, use of medications, and decreased mobility and physical activity. Diet has an indeterminate effect. Many patients become gradually more constipated with age and self-treat with over-the-counter laxatives. Investigation is warranted if defecation is associated with pain or bloating and/or represents a recent change in bowel habit. Although constipation is usually just an annoyance, it can have more serious consequences, such as impaction and ulceration. A combination of bowel training, dietary management, and regular exercise is the first phase of treatment. Bulk laxatives are second-line treatment, followed by other laxatives if needed.Geriatrics 01/1997; 51(12):28-34, 36. · 1.35 Impact Factor