Sucrase is an intramolecular chaperone located at the C-terminal end of the sucrase-isomaltase enzyme complex.
ABSTRACT The sucrase-isomaltase enzyme complex (pro-SI) is a type II integral membrane glycoprotein of the intestinal brush border membrane. Its synthesis commences with the isomaltase (IM) subunit and ends with sucrase (SUC). Both domains reveal striking structural similarities, suggesting a pseudo-dimeric assembly of a correctly folded and an enzymatically active pro-SI. The impact of each domain on the folding and function of pro-SI has been analyzed by individual expression and coexpression of the individual subunits. SUC acquires correct folding, enzymatic activity and transport competence and is secreted into the external milieu independent of the presence of IM. By contrast, IM persists as a mannose-rich polypeptide that interacts with the endoplasmic reticulum resident molecular chaperone calnexin. This interaction is disrupted when SUC is coexpressed with IM, indicating that SUC competes with calnexin for binding of IM. The interaction between SUC and the membrane-anchored IM leads to maturation of IM and blocks the secretion of SUC into the external milieu. We conclude that SUC plays a role as an intramolecular chaperone in the context of the pro-SI protein. To our knowledge all intramolecular chaperones so far identified are located at the N-terminal end. SUC is therefore the first C-terminally located intramolecular chaperone in mammalian cells.
Article: Dual chaperone role of the C-terminal propeptide in folding and oligomerization of the pore-forming toxin aerolysin.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Throughout evolution, one of the most ancient forms of aggression between cells or organisms has been the production of proteins or peptides affecting the permeability of the target cell membrane. This class of virulence factors includes the largest family of bacterial toxins, the pore-forming toxins (PFTs). PFTs are bistable structures that can exist in a soluble and a transmembrane state. It is unclear what drives biosynthetic folding towards the soluble state, a requirement that is essential to protect the PFT-producing cell. Here we have investigated the folding of aerolysin, produced by the human pathogen Aeromonas hydrophila, and more specifically the role of the C-terminal propeptide (CTP). By combining the predictive power of computational techniques with experimental validation using both structural and functional approaches, we show that the CTP prevents aggregation during biosynthetic folding. We identified specific residues that mediate binding of the CTP to the toxin. We show that the CTP is crucial for the control of the aerolysin activity, since it protects individual subunits from aggregation within the bacterium and later controls assembly of the quaternary pore-forming complex at the surface of the target host cell. The CTP is the first example of a C-terminal chain-linked chaperone with dual function.PLoS Pathogens 07/2011; 7(7):e1002135. · 9.13 Impact Factor