Growth factor treatment prior to low-dose total body irradiation increases donor cell engraftment after bone marrow transplantation in mice.

Department of Stem Cell Biology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
Blood (Impact Factor: 9.78). 08/2002; 100(1):312-7. DOI: 10.1182/blood.V100.1.312
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Low-toxicity conditioning regimens prior to bone marrow transplantation (BMT) are widely explored. We developed a new protocol using hematopoietic growth factors prior to low-dose total body irradiation (TBI) in recipients of autologous transplants to establish high levels of long-term donor cell engraftment. We hypothesized that treatment of recipient mice with growth factors would selectively deplete stem cells, resulting in successful long-term donor cell engraftment after transplantation. Recipient mice were treated for 1 or 7 days with growth factors (stem cell factor [SCF] plus interleukin 11 [IL-11], SCF plus Flt-3 ligand [FL], or granulocyte colony-stimulating factor [G-CSF]) prior to low-dose TBI (4 Gy). Donor cell chimerism was measured after transplantation of congenic bone marrow cells. High levels of donor cell engraftment were observed in recipients pretreated for 7 days with SCF plus IL-11 or SCF plus FL. Although 1-day pretreatments with these cytokines initially resulted in reduced donor cell engraftment, a continuous increase in time was observed, finally resulting in highly significantly increased levels of donor cell contribution. In contrast, G-CSF treatment showed no beneficial effects on long-term engraftment. In vitro stem cell assays demonstrated the effect of cytokine treatment on stem cell numbers. Donor cell engraftment and number of remaining recipient stem cells after TBI were strongly inversely correlated, except for groups treated for 1 day with SCF plus IL-11 or SCF plus FL. We conclude that long-term donor cell engraftment can be strongly augmented by treatment of recipient mice prior to low-dose TBI with hematopoietic growth factors that act on primitive cells.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Strategies to enhance post-transplant immune reconstitution without aggravating graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) can improve the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Recent preclinical studies demonstrated that the use of T cell depleted allografts supplemented with committed progenitor cells (vs stem cells only) allows enhanced immune reconstitution of specific hematopoietic lineages including myeloid, B, T, and natural killer lineages in the absence of GVHD. This novel adoptive therapy resulted in significantly improved resistance to microbial pathogens and could, in some cases, even mediate tumor immunity. Clinical protocols using adoptive transfer of committed hematopoietic progenitor cells are currently being evaluated.
    Journal of Molecular Medicine 09/2007; 85(8):837-43. · 4.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We postulated that combining cell based hVEGF165 gene delivery with cytokine-induced mobilization of bone marrow cells (BMC) may give better prognosis in an infarcted heart. Forty-eight myoabalated female C57BL/6J mice (20-25 g) received 1 x 10(6) BMC from transgenic GFP+ male mice. One month later, acute myocardial infarction (MI) model was developed by coronary artery ligation. Animals were grouped (N = 12) to receive intramyocardial injections of 10 microl DMEM without cells (group 1; group 2) or with 1x10(5) mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) over-expressing hVEGF165 (group 3; group 4). The animals received either cytokine therapy (group 2 and 4) or saline solution (group 1 and 3) for 7 days after MI. Hemodynamic data were obtained 4 weeks after MI using Millar's P-V system and cardiac tissue was harvested for immunohistological studies. We observed regeneration and extensive survival of BMC in and around the infarcted myocardium in groups 3 and 4. Blood vessel density was markedly enhanced in group 4 as compared with groups 1 and 2 in peri-infarct area. Fibrotic area was significantly reduced with improved LV-contractile function in group 2 and 4. LV-systolic and diastolic functions were well-preserved in group 4 as indicated by +dP/dt, -dP/dt and Tau (glantz). We therefore conclude that transplantation of MSC overexpressing VEGF combined with cytokine induced BMC mobilization is superior to either of the monotherapy approach for angiomyogenesis and LV-function recovery.
    Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 06/2006; 40(5):736-45. · 5.15 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a curative therapy for hematological malignancies. T cell deficiency following transplantation is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. In this review, we discuss adoptive transfer of committed precursor cells to enhance T cell reconstitution and improve overall prognosis after transplantation.
    Seminars in Immunopathology 12/2008; 30(4):479-87. · 5.38 Impact Factor


Available from
Oct 16, 2014
Available from