The effect of HIV, behavioural change, and STD syndromic management on STD epidemiology in sub-Saharan Africa: simulations of Uganda.

Erasmus University Rotterdam, Department of Public Health, The Netherlands.
Sexually Transmitted Infections (Impact Factor: 3.08). 05/2002; 78 Suppl 1:i55-63. DOI: 10.1136/sti.78.suppl_1.i55
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT An assessment was made of how the HIV epidemic may have influenced sexually transmitted disease (STD) epidemiology in Uganda, and how HIV would affect the effectiveness of syndromic STD treatment programmes during different stages of the epidemic. The dynamic transmission model STDSIM was used to simulate the spread of HIV and four bacterial and one viral STD. Model parameters were quantified using demographic, behavioural, and epidemiological data from rural Rakai and other Ugandan populations. The findings suggest that severe HIV epidemics can markedly alter STD epidemiology, especially if accompanied by a behavioural response. Likely declines in bacterial causes of genital ulcers should be considered in defining policies on syndromic STD management in severe HIV epidemics.

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