Prognostic value of angiogenesis in schistosoma-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder.
ABSTRACT To evaluate angiogenesis as a prognostic marker in squamous cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder in 154 patients who underwent radical cystectomy.
The tumors from 98 men and 56 women (mean age 46.3 +/- 8.4 years) were examined. Vessels were stained using an antibody to the platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule CD31. Microvessels were counted in active areas of angiogenesis within the tumors. Microvessel density (MVD) was quantified using the mean of three counts. Age, sex, tumor grade and stage, DNA ploidy, and MVD were evaluated in relation to outcome. Univariate and multivariate analyses of survival were performed.
The median follow-up period was 63 months. The overall 5-year survival rate was 56 +/- 4.1. Tumor grade, tumor stage, DNA ploidy, and MVD had a significant impact on the survival of patients in univariate analysis. The 5-year survival rate in patients with a low MVD (11 or less) was 68.1% compared with 50.4% for those with a high MVD (greater than 11; P <0.01). Men had more vascular tumors than did women. Also, high-grade tumors had significantly higher vascular counts. In a Cox proportional hazard model, tumor angiogenesis sustained its significant impact on survival of the patients in addition to tumor stage and DNA ploidy.
These findings suggest that angiogenesis and DNA ploidy are independent additional prognostic factors in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder.
Article: Intralesional fibrous septum in chordoma: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 122 lesions.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Intralesional fibrous septum (IFS) generally is considered a reactive tissue in chordoma; however, little is known about its significance. We studied 122 chordomas for IFS using immunohistochemical techniques and compared IFS and lobular growth patterns (LGPs) formed by IFS with clinicopathologic parameters. Seventy-nine tumors (64.8%) revealed IFS. However, IFS frequently was infiltrated and interrupted by tumor cells with increased expression of proteases; only 33 (42%) of 79 tumors had LGP. In non-skull base chordomas, IFS and LGP were associated with nuclear pleomorphism, a previously described prognostic indicator, mitosis, and the MIB-1 labeling index, indicating a role of IFS and LGP in tumor growth or progression. Paradoxically, patients without LGP tended to have a worse prognosis than those with LGP. We believe that IFS exerts diverse influences on chordoma; however, invasion of IFS leading to loss of the LGP indicates advanced stages of tumor development, possibly predicting an unfavorable prognosis in chordoma.American Journal of Clinical Pathology 09/2005; 124(2):288-94. · 2.60 Impact Factor