Inhibitory effects of serotonin on transient outward potassium current in rat ventricular myocytes
Department of Pharmacology, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi-an 710032, China. Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
(Impact Factor: 2.91).
To study the effects of serotonin (5-hydroxy-tryptamine, 5-HT) on transient outward potassium current (I(to)) and elucidate its mechanism in rat ventricular myocytes.
I(to) was recorded using the conventional whole cell patch-clamp techniques.
I(to) density in normal myocytes was similar to that in norepinephrine-induced hypertrophic myocytes. 5-HT depressed I(to) in a concentration-dependent manner with the half-maximal inhibitory concentration of (40+/-5) micromol/L and (38+/-7) micromol/L in normal and hypertrophic ventricular myocytes respectively. Mianserin (5-HT2 receptor antagonist), compound 48/80 (phospholipase C antagonist), and chelerythrine chloride (protein kinase C antagonist) reversed the inhibitory effects of 5-HT on I(to), while phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (protein kinase C agonist) enhanced the inhibitory effect of 5-HT on I(to) in normal myocytes.
5-HT markedly inhibits I(to) in rat ventricular myocytes. The putative signal pathway is that 5-HT activates phospholipase C, which causes inositol phospholipid hydrolysis. The activation of downstream signal molecule, protein kinase C, phosphorates substrate target proteins, which leads to inhibition of I(to) in ventricular myocytes.
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ABSTRACT: To study the effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) on calcium movement in rat ventricular myocytes.
Intracellular free Ca2+ concentration was measured with calcium fluorescent probe Fluo-3/AM and laser confocal microscope. L-type calcium current (ICa,L) was recorded with the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp techniques.
At 2, 20 and 200 microg/L, TNF-alpha was found to increase intracellular free Ca2+ concentration in a dose-dependent manner illustrated by the increment of calcium fluorescence density with laser confocal microscope. Nicardipine 0.5 micromol/L slightly attenuated TNF-alpha-induced response. When the cardiac myocytes were exposed to caffeine (100 mmol/L) for 30 min, TNF-alpha failed to induce any change of intracellular free calcium. However, it was found that TNF-alpha inhibited I(Ca,L) in whole-cell patch-clamp experiments. At 2, 20, and 200 microg/L, TNF-alpha decreased peak I(Ca,L) by 3.9 % (-5.1 pA/pF+/-0.3 pA/pF vs -4.9 pA/pF+/-0.2 pA/pF, n=9, P>0.05), 15.7 % (-5.1 pA/pF+/-0.3 pA/pF vs -4.3 pA/pF+/-0.3 pA/pF, n=9, P<0.05) and 19.6 % (-5.1 pA/pF+/-0.3 pA/pF vs -4.1 pA/pF+/-0.4 pA/pF, n=9, P<0.01), respectively. It shifted the steady-state inactivation curve of I(Ca,L) to the left (V1/2 shifted from -28.7 mV+/-0.3 mV to -37.8 mV+/-1.4 mV, n=7, P<0.05), while it took no effects on steady-state activation and recovery from inactivation.
TNF-alpha inhibited I(Ca,L) in rat ventricular myocytes, while increasing the intercellular free Ca2+ level due to the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores.
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica 12/2003; 24(12):1224-30. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Rats with congestive heart failure (CHF) develop ventricular inotropic responsiveness to serotonin (5-HT), mediated through 5-HT(2A) and 5-HT(4) receptors. Human ventricle is similarly responsive to 5-HT through 5-HT(4) receptors. We studied isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes to clarify the effects of 5-HT on intracellular Ca(2+) handling. Left-ventricular cardiomyocytes were isolated from male Wistar rats 6 wk after induction of postinfarction CHF. Contractile function and Ca(2+) transients were measured in field-stimulated cardiomyocytes, and L-type Ca(2+) current (I(Ca,L)) and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) content were measured in voltage-clamped cells. Protein phosphorylation was measured by Western blotting or phosphoprotein gel staining. 5-HT(4)- and 5-HT(2A)-receptor stimulation induced a positive inotropic response of 33 and 18% (both P < 0.05) and also increased the Ca(2+) transient (44 and 6%, respectively; both P < 0.05). I(Ca,L) and SR Ca(2+) content increased only after 5-HT(4)-receptor stimulation (57 and 65%; both P < 0.05). Phospholamban serine(16) (PLB-Ser(16)) and troponin I phosphorylation increased by 26 and 13% after 5-HT(4)-receptor stimulation (P < 0.05). 5-HT(2A)-receptor stimulation increased the action potential duration and did not significantly change the phosphorylation of PLB-Ser(16) or troponin I, but it increased myosin light chain 2 (MLC2) phosphorylation. In conclusion, the positive inotropic response to 5-HT(4) stimulation results from increased I(Ca,L) and increased phosphorylation of PLB-Ser(16), which increases the SR Ca(2+) content. 5-HT(4) stimulation is thus, like beta-adrenoceptor stimulation, possibly energetically unfavorable in CHF. 5-HT(2A)-receptor stimulation, previously studied in acute CHF, induces a positive inotropic response also in chronic CHF, probably mediated by MLC2 phosphorylation.
AJP Heart and Circulatory Physiology 10/2007; 293(4):H2367-76. DOI:10.1152/ajpheart.01375.2006 · 3.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: 1. Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) plays important roles in the development of cardiac hypertrophy via activation of 5-HT receptors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of 5-HT2B receptors in the development of cardiomyocyte apoptosis and hypertrophy associated with noradrenaline (NA) overload.
2. Cardiac hypertrophy was induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of 1.5 mg/kg NA for 4 weeks. Starting from Day 15, 5-HT2B receptor antagonist SB 204741 (i.p., 0.5 or 2 mg/kg) or SDZ SER 082 (i.p., 1 mg/kg) was injected twice daily for another 14 days. Whole-cell patch-clamp techniques were used to record ionic currents in freshly isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes. Western blot and terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP–digoxigenin nick end-labelling (TUNEL) assays were used to assess myocardial apoptosis.
3. Expression of 5-HT2B receptors was enhanced in the hypertrophic left ventricle induced by NE overload in vivo. The 5-HT2B receptor antagonist SB 204741 partially reversed cardiac hypertrophy induced by NE overload (P < 0.05) and decreased L-type calcium currents in ventricular cardiomyocytes (P < 0.05). In addition, SB 204741 notably attenuated myocardial apoptosis, as evidenced by downregulation of Bax and caspase 3 (P < 0.05) and upregulation of the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein (P < 0.05).
4. In conclusion, the data suggest an involvement of 5-HT2B receptors in the generation of apoptotic events associated with cardiac remodelling during increased adrenergic stimulation.
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology 03/2010; 37(7):e145-51. DOI:10.1111/j.1440-1681.2010.05388.x · 2.37 Impact Factor
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