Antitumor effects induced by dendritic cell-based immunotherapy against established pancreatic cancer in hamsters.
ABSTRACT Because the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer is very poor, development of a novel approach for treatment of this disease is vital. In the present study, we investigated the effect of dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy against established syngeneic hamster pancreatic cancer named HPD1NR. Hamster enriched DCs were prepared from bone marrow (BM) by a culture for 7 days in the presence of mouse GM-CSF and mouse IL-4, and characterized by the expression of specific DC markers (DEC205, DC-SIGN) mRNA using in situ hybridization (ISH). DCs pulsed with tumor lysate and N-[1-(2,3-dioleoyloxy)propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium methylsulfate (DOTAP) or DCs alone were injected s.c. weekly into HPD1NR-bearing hamsters three times. Tumor growth was significantly inhibited by 82% in hamsters treated with tumor lysate and DOTAP-pulsed DCs when compared with the PBS vehicle-treated group. These findings suggest that DC-based immunotherapy may be a useful approach for the treatment of pancreatic cancers.
- SourceAvailable from: europepmc.org[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Since the development of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) in the early 1990s, its application has been extended to various diseases. For pancreatic cancer, EUS-FNA can obtain specimens from the tumor itself with fewer complications than other methods. Interventional EUS enables various therapeutic options: local ablation, brachytherapy, placement of fiducial markers for radiotherapy, and direct injection of antitumor agents into cancer. This paper will focus on EUS-guided oncologic therapy for pancreatic cancer.Diagnostic and Therapeutic Endoscopy 02/2013; 2013:157581. DOI:10.1155/2013/157581