Article

Survival of patients with biopsy-proven usual interstitial pneumonia and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia.

Thoracic and Radiology Dept, The Prince Charles Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.
European Respiratory Journal (Impact Factor: 6.36). 07/2002; 19(6):1114-8. DOI: 10.1183/09031936.02.00244002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This is the first Australian study to examine survival and clinical characteristics in biopsy-proven idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. A cohort of 70 patients from a single institution between January 1990 and December 1999 was reviewed. All patients were Caucasian, 23 (33%) female. Mean age+/-SD at diagnosis was 60+/-12 yrs for males and 54+/-14 yrs for females. A total 24% of patients had never smoked. The histopathological diagnoses were usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) (n=59), nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) (n=7), desquamative interstitial pneumonia (n=3) and acute interstitial pneumonia (n=11). Clinical and functional characteristics of the two main histological subgroups of UIP and NSIP showed significantly older patients in the UIP group and a significantly lower mean forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) in the NSIP group. Median survival for UIP was 78 months compared with 178 months for NSIP. No survival difference between treated and untreated patients with UIP was found. Multivariate analysis revealed smoking alone to be predictive of poorer survival. This study demonstrates the best median survival for usual interstitial pneumonia of available series and confirms a survival difference between usual interstitial pneumonia and nonspecific interstitial pneumonia. Furthermore, the reported results may have implications for treatment timing using conventional protocols currently recommended.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
119 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the utility of clinical, thin-section computed tomography (CT), and histopathologic findings in predicting the prognosis of patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) or fibrotic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP). The institutional review board approved this retrospective study, with waiver of informed consent. Included were 108 patients (71 men, 37 women; mean age, 61 years +/- 8 [standard deviation]) with UIP (n = 79; 60 men, 19 women; mean age, 63 years +/- 7.4) and fibrotic NSIP (n = 29; 11 men, 18 women; mean age, 57 years +/- 12.9). Patients underwent pulmonary function tests (PFTs), bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid analysis, and thin-section CT. Two chest radiologists independently assigned scores for the extent of lung abnormalities detected at CT twice at 3-month intervals. The effect of histopathologic diagnoses and clinical and thin-section CT features on survival was evaluated by using Cox regression analyses. The 5-year survival rate (mean follow-up, 45 months) of patients with fibrotic NSIP was 76% in contrast to 46% for patients with UIP (P = .006). With multivariate analysis, a high fibrotic score (the extent of reticulation plus honeycombing) (hazard ratio = 1.200, P = .043) and an initial low diffusing capacity of lung for carbon monoxide (Dlco) level (hazard ratio = 0.973, P = .025) were identified as associated with increased death risk. Patients with UIP or fibrotic NSIP who have a high fibrotic score determined at thin-section CT and a low Dlco level appear to have a high death risk.
    Radiology 09/2008; 249(1):328-37. · 6.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Some of the most pressing challenges associated with interstitial lung disease (ILD) are how best to define, diagnose, and treat connective tissue disease-associated ILD (CTD-ILD)--disorders with potentially substantial morbidity and mortality. In this focused review, we address aspects of prognosis for CTD-ILD and what indices might predict outcome, together with lessons that can be learnt from clinical trials of systemic sclerosis-associated ILD and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and how these lessons might be applied to future studies of CTD-ILD.
    The Lancet 08/2012; 380(9842):689-98. · 39.21 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) has recently been proposed as a histologic type of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP), but its broad spectrum of clinicopathologic findings and variable prognosis are poorly understood. It is particularly unclear how NSIP and usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) are related. The present study investigated the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of NSIP, and its differential diagnosis from UIP.
    Journal of thoracic disease. 10/2014; 6(10):1476-81.

Full-text

View
1 Download
Available from