Overexpression of a bacterial indole-3-acetyl-l-aspartic acid hydrolase in Arabidopsis thaliana.
ABSTRACT Transgenic Arabidopsis lines (ecotype Col-0) carrying the Enterobacter agglomerans IaaspH gene under CaMV 35S promoter control were more sensitive to exogenous indole-3-acetyl aspartic acid (IAA-Asp) and metabolized [2'-14C]IAA-Asp more rapidly than control lines. Free IAA, total IAA and IAN levels in independent transgenic lines that accumulated IaaspH mRNA varied insignificantly from control levels, yet IAA-Asp levels were significantly reduced. The transgenic lines were grown in a variety of conditions and subjected to morphometric analysis. All three lines showed statistically significant differences in rosette diameter (in soil), root and hypocotyl length (on agar). These effects were transient in some cases and did not manifest themselves under all growth conditions tried. The two independent lines with single T-DNA insertions had lower seed set compared to control lines.
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ABSTRACT: Auxin measurements in plants are critical to understanding both auxin signaling and metabolic homeostasis. The most abundant natural auxin is indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). This protocol is for the precise, high-throughput determination of free IAA in plant tissue by isotope dilution analysis using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The steps described are as follows: harvesting of plant material; amino and polymethylmethacrylate solid-phase purification followed by derivatization with diazomethane (either manual or robotic); GC-MS analysis; and data analysis. [¹³C₆]IAA is the standard used. The amount of tissue required is relatively small (25 mg of fresh weight) and one can process more than 500 samples per week using an automated system. To extract eight samples, this procedure takes ∼3 h, whether performed manually or robotically. For processing more than eight samples, robotic extraction becomes substantially more time efficient, saving at least 0.5 h per additional batch of eight samples.Nature Protocol 09/2010; 5(10):1609-18. · 8.36 Impact Factor