Oct2 transcription factor of a teleost fish: activation domains and function from an enhancer

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA.
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics (Impact Factor: 3.04). 09/2002; 404(1):55-61. DOI: 10.1016/S0003-9861(02)00227-8
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Oct2 transcription factors of the catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) are expressed as alternatively spliced alpha and beta isoforms. Functional analysis revealed an N-terminal glutamine (Q)-rich transactivation domain common to both isoforms of catfish Oct2. A C-terminal proline, serine, threonine (PST)-rich activation domain was identified exclusively in the beta isoform. Activation domains of fish and mammalian Oct2 showed cell type- and species-specific activity correlated with their biochemical composition (Q-rich vs PST-rich). In contrast the activation domains of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator of fish and mammals showed no correlation of activity with biochemical composition or species of origin. Although isolated catfish Oct2 activation domains were unable to drive transcription from a site 1.9kb distal to the promoter, Oct2beta activated transcription from both an IgH enhancer and an array of octamer motifs at this distal position. The properties of catfish Oct2 activation domains differ depending on whether they are studied in isolation or as components of the intact transcription factor.

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