To study the expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER) family in lung cancer.
Paraffin-embedded tissues from 70 cases of lung cancer (43 cases of squamous cell cancer and 27 cases of adenocarcinoma) and 20 cases of non-cancerous lung diseases were stained for the expression of HERs by means of immunohistochemistry.
All HERs were weakly expressed in non-cancerous lung tissues; over-expression of HER(1), HER(2), HER(4), HER(1 + 2), HER(1 + 4) and HER(2 + 4) and HER(1 + 2 + 4) was found in lung cancer and correlated with lymph node metastasis, TNM staging and post-operation survival.
erbB(1), erbB(2) and erbB(4) are the genes regulating the growth of lung cancer at advanced stages. Targeting the HER(1), HER(2) and HER(4) over-expression might be a new approach to the treatment of lung cancer at advanced stages.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In order to obtain lymphogenous metastasis-associated genes, we compared the transcriptional profiles of mouse hepatocarcinoma cell lines Hca-F with highly lymphatic metastasis potential and Hca-P with low lymphatic metastasis potential.
Total RNA was isolated from Hca-F and Hca-P cells and synthesized into double-stranded cDNA. In vitro transcription double-stranded cDNA was labeled with biotin (i.e. biotin-labeled cRNA, used as the probe). The cRNA probes hybridized with Affymetrix GeneChip(r) MOE430A (containing 22 690 transcripts, including 14 500 known mouse genes and 4 371 ESTs) respectively and the signals were scanned by the GeneArray Scanner. The results were then analyzed by bioinformatics.
Out of the 14 500 known genes investigated, 110 (0.8%) were up regulated at least 2(3) fold. Among the total 4 371 ESTs, 17 ESTs (0.4%) (data were not presented) were up regulated at least 2(3) fold. According to the Gene Ontology and TreeView analysis, the 110 genes were further classified into two groups: differential biological process profile and molecular function profile.
Using high-throughput gene chip method, a large number of genes and their cellular functions about angiogenesis, cell adhesion, signal transduction, cell motility, transport, microtubule-based process, cytoskeleton organization and biogenesis, cell cycle, transcription, chaperone activity, motor activity, protein kinase activity, receptor binding and protein binding might be involved in the process of lymphatic metastasis and deserve to be used as potential candidates for further investigation. Cyclin D1, Fosl1, Hsp47, EGFR and AR, and Cav-1 are selected as the possible candidate genes of the metastatic phenotype, which need to be validated in later experiments. ESTs (data were not presented) might indicate novel genes associated with lymphatic metastasis. Validating the function of these genes is helpful to identify the key or candidate gene/pathway responsible for lymphatic metastasis, which might be used as the diagnostic markers and the therapeutic targets for lymphatic metastasis.
World Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2005; 11(10):1463-72. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v11.i10.1463 · 2.37 Impact Factor
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