Characterization and validation studies of powerPlex 2.1, a nine-locus short tandem repeat (STR) multiplex system and penta D monoplex.
ABSTRACT In order to increase the power of discrimination for human identification purposes, a nine-locus short tandem repeat (STR) multiplex, the GenePrint PowerPlex 2.1 system (PowerPlex 2.1) developed by Promega Corporation and a separate pentanucleotide-repeat locus, Penta D, were tested. This megaplex system includes the highly polymorphic loci FGA, TPOX, D8S1179, vWA, Penta E, D18S51, D21S11, TH01, and D3S1358 and may be used in combination with the eight-locus STR multiplex, the GenePrint PowerPlex 1.1 system (PowerPlex 1.1) that has been previously developed. Three of the loci, TPOX, TH01 and vWA, have been included in both systems for quality control purposes. As with PowerPlex 1.1, PowerPlex 2.1 is also based on a two-color detection of fluorescent-labeled DNA products amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and provides a valuable tool for accurate and rapid allele determination. The primer sequences used in the PowerPlex 2.1/Penta D system are also presented in this report. To meet the "Quality Assurance Standards for Forensic DNA Testing Laboratories" (FBI), we tested the efficiency and reproducibility of the PowerPlex 2.1/PentaD system by several validation studies that were conducted as a joint project among seven laboratories. Validation tests included concordance studies, sensitivity, and species specificity determination, as well as performance in forensic and environmentally impacted samples. The results produced from these tests demonstrated the consistency and reliability of the PowerPlex 2.1/Penta D system.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Suzanna Ryan, Apr 01, 2014
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ABSTRACT: Frequently, evidentiary items contain an insufficient quantity of DNA to obtain complete or even partial DNA profiles using standard forensic gentotyping techniques. Such low-copy-number (LCN) samples are usually subjected to increased amplification cylces to obtain genetic data. In this study, a 28-cycle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to evaluate various methods of post-PCR purification for their effects on the sensitivity of fluorophore-based allelic detection subsequent to capillary electrophoretic separation. The amplified product was purified using filtration, silica gel membrane, and enzyme mediated hydrolysis purification techniques and evaluated for their effect on fluorescent allelic signal intensity. A purification method was selected and its effect on fluorescent allelic signal intensity was compared with that of the unpurified PCR product. A method of post-PCR purification is described which increases the sensitivity of standard 28-cycle PCR such that profiles from LCN DNA templates (<100 pg DNA) can be obtained. Full DNA profiles were consistently obtained with as little as 20 pg template DNA without increased cycle number. In mock case type samples with dermal ridge fingerprints, genetic profiles were obtained by amplification with 28 cycles followed by post-PCR purification whereas no profiles were obtained without purification of the PCR product. Allele dropout, increased stutter, and sporadic contamination typical of LCN analysis were observed; however, no contamination was observed in negative amplification controls. Post-PCR purification of the PCR product can increase the sensitivity of capillary electrophoresis to such an extent that DNA profiles can be obtained from <100 pg of DNA using 28-cycle amplification.Journal of Forensic Sciences 06/2007; 52(4):820 - 829. DOI:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2007.00470.x · 1.31 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Recent advances in our ability to dissect the human genome and the availability of platforms for genome-wide analysis and whole-genome sequencing are expected to develop new tools for both biomedical and forensic DNA analyses. Nowadays, we can individualize single cells left at the crime scene or analyze ancient human remains. Here, we provide a general view on the past, current and likely future directions of forensic DNA analysis.Nanomedicine 02/2011; 6(2):257-70. DOI:10.2217/nnm.10.160 · 5.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Short tandem repeat (STR) typing is used routinely for associating or excluding individuals with biological evidence left at a crime scene. Improvements have been made to reduce the turnaround time and labor involved with profile generation, but there is still some lag time between sample collection and interpretation of results. The RapidHIT(®) (IntegenX; Pleasanton, CA, USA) system is an automated instrument that is configured to perform DNA extraction, bead-based DNA normalization, amplification, electrophoresis of PCR amplicons, and data analysis of five reference swabs simultaneously. The RapidHIT system provided reliable STR profiles from reference buccal swabs in approximately 90min with nominal "hands-on" sample loading time with no evidence of contamination between samples. The overall success rate of typing buccal swabs was comparable to standard typing systems. In the event of a failed run due to instrument failure, the swab can be removed from the cartridge and reanalyzed in the RapidHIT system or with standard STR genotyping workflows.Forensic Science International: Genetics 07/2014; 13C:104-111. DOI:10.1016/j.fsigen.2014.06.012 · 3.20 Impact Factor