Characterization and validation studies of powerPlex 2.1, a nine-locus short tandem repeat (STR) multiplex system and penta D monoplex.

North Carolina State Bureau of Investigation, Raleigh 27603, USA.
Journal of Forensic Sciences (Impact Factor: 1.24). 08/2002; 47(4):757-72.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In order to increase the power of discrimination for human identification purposes, a nine-locus short tandem repeat (STR) multiplex, the GenePrint PowerPlex 2.1 system (PowerPlex 2.1) developed by Promega Corporation and a separate pentanucleotide-repeat locus, Penta D, were tested. This megaplex system includes the highly polymorphic loci FGA, TPOX, D8S1179, vWA, Penta E, D18S51, D21S11, TH01, and D3S1358 and may be used in combination with the eight-locus STR multiplex, the GenePrint PowerPlex 1.1 system (PowerPlex 1.1) that has been previously developed. Three of the loci, TPOX, TH01 and vWA, have been included in both systems for quality control purposes. As with PowerPlex 1.1, PowerPlex 2.1 is also based on a two-color detection of fluorescent-labeled DNA products amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and provides a valuable tool for accurate and rapid allele determination. The primer sequences used in the PowerPlex 2.1/Penta D system are also presented in this report. To meet the "Quality Assurance Standards for Forensic DNA Testing Laboratories" (FBI), we tested the efficiency and reproducibility of the PowerPlex 2.1/PentaD system by several validation studies that were conducted as a joint project among seven laboratories. Validation tests included concordance studies, sensitivity, and species specificity determination, as well as performance in forensic and environmentally impacted samples. The results produced from these tests demonstrated the consistency and reliability of the PowerPlex 2.1/Penta D system.

0 0
1 Bookmark
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT:   Frequently, evidentiary items contain an insufficient quantity of DNA to obtain complete or even partial DNA profiles using standard forensic gentotyping techniques. Such low-copy-number (LCN) samples are usually subjected to increased amplification cylces to obtain genetic data. In this study, a 28-cycle polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to evaluate various methods of post-PCR purification for their effects on the sensitivity of fluorophore-based allelic detection subsequent to capillary electrophoretic separation. The amplified product was purified using filtration, silica gel membrane, and enzyme mediated hydrolysis purification techniques and evaluated for their effect on fluorescent allelic signal intensity. A purification method was selected and its effect on fluorescent allelic signal intensity was compared with that of the unpurified PCR product. A method of post-PCR purification is described which increases the sensitivity of standard 28-cycle PCR such that profiles from LCN DNA templates (<100 pg DNA) can be obtained. Full DNA profiles were consistently obtained with as little as 20 pg template DNA without increased cycle number. In mock case type samples with dermal ridge fingerprints, genetic profiles were obtained by amplification with 28 cycles followed by post-PCR purification whereas no profiles were obtained without purification of the PCR product. Allele dropout, increased stutter, and sporadic contamination typical of LCN analysis were observed; however, no contamination was observed in negative amplification controls. Post-PCR purification of the PCR product can increase the sensitivity of capillary electrophoresis to such an extent that DNA profiles can be obtained from <100 pg of DNA using 28-cycle amplification.
    Journal of Forensic Sciences 06/2007; 52(4):820 - 829. · 1.24 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There is increasing interest in developing methods for portable DNA analysis in mass disasters and criminal identification. Currently most forensic STR DNA analysis is performed by CE; however, these instruments are not portable and require long sample run times. One potential solution is the development of microfluidic systems for DNA typing. Unfortunately, fairly long (ca. 20 cm) separation channels are usually required for the proper resolution of multiplexed STR loci used in human identification. Commercially available systems like the Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer have a small footprint and utilize chips with shorter channels and reduced resolution. Such portable systems might be valuable for evidence screening in remote locations. However, due to their lower resolution, most standard 4 base STR loci and their inherent 2 base variants will not resolve on such systems. In this paper, we discuss the development of reduced length pentameric (5 base) STR amplicons. Pentameric STRs have fewer variant alleles and are easier to separate due to the wider spacing between alleles. By incorporating novel denaturing sieving polymers in a short microfluidic channel, we demonstrate efficient separations on these chips. Such an approach can serve as a useful tool for rapid microfluidic DNA typing.
    Electrophoresis 08/2010; 31(15):2672-9. · 3.26 Impact Factor
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recent advances in our ability to dissect the human genome and the availability of platforms for genome-wide analysis and whole-genome sequencing are expected to develop new tools for both biomedical and forensic DNA analyses. Nowadays, we can individualize single cells left at the crime scene or analyze ancient human remains. Here, we provide a general view on the past, current and likely future directions of forensic DNA analysis.
    Nanomedicine 02/2011; 6(2):257-70. · 5.26 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
Apr 1, 2014

Eleni N Levedakou