Liver transplant currently represents the therapeutic method for irreversible acute and chronic liver diseases without any other available therapy. In some cases, before or after liver transplantation, it is necessary to replace the functions of the liver. We report the case of a 7 year-old female patient with type I glycogenosis who was transplanted in July 2001 using living-related donor transplantation and who developed chronic rejection two months later. In this case, we used MARS (Molecular Adsorbents Recirculating System) detoxification therapy to optimise the patient's clinical and biological status and to create a bridge that allowed the patient's survival until retransplantation was available. The therapy was well tolerated, with no major incidents. We noted favourable clinical effects and significant improvement in serum bilirubin level, urea nitrogen level and serum creatinine level. We consider that MARS treatment is a temporary solution for patients with acute and acute-on-chronic liver failure, indicated in those cases with real chances of recovery of the hepatic functions or in patients on the liver transplantation waiting list.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A blood purification system, molecular adsorbents re-circulating system (MARS), is based on the removal of both protein-bound and water-soluble substances and toxins in the liver. We treated a total of 88 patients within 2 years. Of these patients, 45 had acute liver failure (ALF), 31 had acute decompensation of chronic liver disease, eight had graft failure and four had miscellaneous conditions. Of the patients with ALF, 80% survived; in 23 patients their own liver recovered and 13 patients underwent successful transplantation. Only 23% of patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure survived. Most of them were not considered for transplantation due to their having liver failure from alcoholism and from not abstaining from drinking. MARS is a promising therapy for ALF, allowing the patient's own liver to recover or allowing enough time to find a liver graft. Best results were achieved in patients who had been intoxicated with a lethal dose of toxin. On the other hand, we did not observe much benefit in patients with severe acute-on-chronic liver failure (AcoChr) who did not undergo liver transplantation.
Transplant International 02/2005; 17(11):717-23. DOI:10.1007/s00147-004-0796-2 · 2.60 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of long-lasting MARS therapy as a bridge to liver-kidney transplantation. A 26-month-old girl with congenital tubulointerstitial nephritis and severe liver fibrosis was placed on MARS for an acute-on-chronic liver failure due to sepsis. She underwent two sessions with good tolerance and recovered her previous neurological status. On the basis of pruritus, sleep, and vomiting improvement, repeated MARS sessions were performed to bridge her to combined liver-kidney transplantation. During eight months, 40 sessions were performed with the MARSmini kit and the MARS monitor (Gambro, Lyon, France). The treatment significantly decreased mean pruritus score from 2.2 +/- 0.9 to 0.8 +/- 0.6 night-time awakening and vomiting episodes. Body weight, height, and HC were -3.2, -3.5 and -2.2 SDS before and -1.7, -4.2, -2.0 SDS after eight months on MARS therapy, respectively. The arm circumference/HC ratio increased from 0.28 to 0.31. Mean total bilirubin serum levels were 303 +/- 72 micromol/L before and 214 +/- 42 micromol/L after MARS cycles. Long-lasting MARS dialysis is feasible in children, decreases adverse effects of severe chronic cholestasis, and may help to preserve nutritional status prior to combined liver-kidney transplantation.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This is a retrospective, observational study regarding the experience of the Fundeni Clinical Institute in the application of the Molecular Adsorbents Recirculating System in patients with liver failure.
From January 2002 until December 2007, we performed 50 MARS sessions in 27 patients, mean age 38.96+/-19.58 years. The etiology of liver failure was as follows: acute liver failure (ALF) in 7 patients, acute-on-chronic liver failure (AoCLF) in 10 patients, post-liver transplantation in 8 patients, and post-hepatectomy in 2 patients.
We noticed the following clinical effects: improvement in general condition, in neurological status, marked regression of jaundice and pruritus, improvement in renal function and in hemodynamic status. Of the 7 patients with ALF, 3 patients (42.8 %) survived due to their own liver recovery. Only 2 patients (20%) with AoCLF survived. In this group, one patient was transplanted, one patient is alive, and the mean survival of the remaining patients was 24.5+/-34.6 days. In the post-liver transplantation group, one patient was retransplanted, one patient is alive and the mean survival of the other 6 patients was 28.5+/-39.8 days. One patient with post-hepatectomy liver failure presented spontaneous liver recovery.
MARS therapy was well tolerated by the patients. MARS therapy efficiently removed water soluble and albumin-bound toxins. The unfavorable prognostic factors were the association with multi organ failure and sepsis.
Journal of gastrointestinal and liver diseases: JGLD 09/2009; 18(3):311-6. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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