Pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism

Sezione di Medicina Interna e Cardiovascolare, Dipartimento di Medicina Interna, Università di Perugia, Perugia, Italy.
Current opinion in pulmonary medicine (Impact Factor: 2.76). 10/2002; 8(5):360-4. DOI: 10.1097/00063198-200209000-00003
Source: PubMed


Three factors are related with the pathogenesis of venous thrombosis: (1) blood stasis, (2) hypercoagulability, and (3) vessel damage. Local and systemic factors are implicated in blood stasis. Remarkable advances have been recently achieved regarding the understanding of the concept of hypercoagulability, with special emphasis to thrombophilic molecular abnormalities. Increased thromboembolic risk has been described in patients with antithrombin III, protein C, or protein S deficiencies as well as factor V Leiden, prothrombin mutation G20210A, or hyperhomocystinemia. Vessel wall has a remarkable role in protecting against and in promoting thrombosis. The role of inflammation on venous thrombosis is under investigation.

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