Article

p53 Mutations and Microsatellite Instabilities in the Subtype of Intestinal Metaplasia of the Stomach

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Journal of Korean Medical Science (Impact Factor: 1.25). 09/2002; 17(4):490-6. DOI: 10.3346/jkms.2002.17.4.490
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To investigate the potential implication of the subtype of intestinal metaplasia in the progression to the gastric carcinoma, we analyzed the mutations of the p53 gene and microsatellite instability (MSI) both in the complete type (type I) and in the sulphomucin-secreting incomplete type (type III) intestinal metaplasia located adjacent to the gastric carcinoma. p53 mutations were observed in 13.3% of type I, in 6.6% of type III intestinal metaplasia, and in 40% of gastric carcinoma. The difference between p53 mutations observed in type I and type III intestinal metaplasia was not statistically significant. No identical mutation of the p53 gene was found in the intestinal metaplasia and carcinoma specimens from the patients. There was no case of intestinal metaplasia showing MSI. In gastric carcinomas, MSI was observed in six cases (40%). The cases harboring BAT-26 instability did not have the mutation of the p53 gene. These data suggest that intestinal metaplasia adjacent to gastric carcinoma, irrespective of its subtype, do not have the genetic alterations as showing in their carcinoma tissues.

0 Followers
 · 
119 Views
 · 
1 Download
  • Source
    Revista medica de Chile 01/2003; 131(12). DOI:10.4067/S0034-98872003001200002 · 0.37 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gastric carcinogenesis is attributable to interacting environmental and genetic factors, through a sequence of events including intestinal metaplasia. Using a fluorescence in situ hybridization technique, we investigated the occurrence of aneuploidies of chromosomes 3, 7, 8, 9, and 17, TP53 gene deletion, and expression of p53 in 21 intestinal metaplasia (IM) samples from cancer-free patients and in 20 gastric adenocarcinoma samples. Aneuploidies were found in 71% (15/21) of the IM samples. Trisomy of chromosomes 7 and 9 occurred mainly in complete-type IM; in the incomplete type, trisomy of chromosomes 7 and 8 were more commonly found. The TP53 gene deletion was observed in 60% (3/5) of the IM cases, and immunohistochemistry revealed p53 overexpression in 12% (2/17) of the analyzed IM cases. All gastric adenocarcinoma cases presented higher frequencies of trisomy or tetrasomy of chromosomes 3, 7, 8, 9, and 17. The TP53 deletion was found in all three of the gastric adenocarcinoma analyzed for it, and immunohistochemistry detected overexpression of protein p53 in 80% (12/15) of the analyzed cases. Our study revealed for the first time the presence of aneuploidies of chromosomes 7, 8, 9, and 17 and of TP53 gene deletion and overexpression in IM samples from cancer-free patients. These results suggest that IM and gastric adenocarcinoma may share the same genetic alterations.
    Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 10/2004; 153(2):127-32. DOI:10.1016/j.cancergencyto.2004.01.017 · 1.93 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of NOS in gastric carcinoma, and to explore the relationship between the expression of nitric oxide synthases (NOS) and p53, PCNA, pathological features and clinical staging of gastric cancer. The activity of NOS protein was investigated in 85 samples of human gastric carcinoma and 25 samples of normal gastric mucosal tissue by biochemical assay. We then examined the expression of NOS, p53, PCNA in 85 samples of human gastric cancer was examined by immunohistochemistry, and NOS mRNA expression in 85 gastric cancer tissue specimens by in situ hybridization. Biochemical assay showed that the activity of NOS was significantly higher in gastric carcinoma than in normal gastric mucosal tissues (t = 0.4161, P<0.01). Immunohistochemistry revealed that endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expressed in all samples of normal gastric mucosa, but only 6 cases of 85 gastric cancer specimens showed weak positive immunohistochemical reactions to eNOS (20%). Inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) was expressed strongly in human gastric carcinoma (81.2%). In situ hybridization analysis showed that iNOS mRNA expression was significantly stronger than eNOS mRNA expression in gastric cancer tissue (chi(2) = 10.23, P<0.01). The expression of iNOS in gastric cancer was associated with differentiation, clinical stages or lymph node metastases (r = 0.3426, P<0.05). However, iNOS expression did not correlate with histological classifications and morphological types. The expression of iNOS was significantly correlated with p53 or PCNA expression (r = 0.3612, P<0.05). The expression of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) was not examined by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization in gastric cancer specimens and normal gastric mucosa. In human gastric cancer, there is an enhanced expression of iNOS, but not of eNOS. NOS promotes the proliferation of tumor cells and plays an important role in gastric cancer spread. Inactivation of antioncogene p53 and overexpression of iNOS might play a synergetic role in the process of carcinogenesis of human gastric carcinoma.
    World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2005; 11(1):46-50. DOI:10.3748/wjg.v11.i1.46 · 2.43 Impact Factor
Show more

Preview (2 Sources)

Download
1 Download
Available from