Reactions of dithiolate ligands in mononuclear complexes of rhenium(V).
ABSTRACT The thermal reactions of the Re(V) dithiolate complex Cp'ReCl2(SCH2CH2S), 1 (where Cp' = EtMe4C5), and related derivatives have been studied. When 1 is heated in toluene in a sealed evacuated tube at 100 degrees C, a dehydrogenation reaction occurs to form a new rhenium complex with a dithiolene ligand, Cp'ReCl2(SCHCHS), 6, in ca. 40% yield. The structure of 6 has been confirmed by an X-ray diffraction study. Under the thermal conditions studied, 1 also undergoes an olefin extrusion reaction. Free ethene is detected in the NMR spectrum of the products, and insoluble rhenium products are also formed. When 1 is reacted with excess ethene under mild conditions, a new organic product, 1,4-dithiane, is formed. Complex 1 is also found to react with oxidants, such as O2 and S8, under mild conditions to form the dehydrogenation product 6. Kinetic studies of the thermal reaction of 1 and related derivatives have been completed, and possible mechanisms for the thermally induced dehydrogenation reaction are discussed.
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ABSTRACT: Polyimide membranes containing nickel dithiolenes were investigated for the separation of propylene and propane. Permeation and sorption experiments were conducted as well thermal property analyses. Results indicate that the dithiolene has an antiplasticizing effect on the polymers studied. Upon addition of the dithiolene there is a subsequent reduction in the permeability coefficient and the permeability selectivity remains relatively unchanged. There is some evidence of increases in solubility selectivity, but a larger decrease in diffusivity selectivity results in a decrease in the permeability selectivity. Investigation of the thermal and mechanical properties of dithiolene-containing films indicates a reduction in fractional free volume as well as the glass transition temperature when compared to the pure polymer. There is also an increase in the modulus of the films upon addition of the dithiolene. The implications of these results and their correlation with antiplasticization are discussed. Ph.D. Committee Chair: Koros, William; Committee Member: Jones, Christopher; Committee Member: Kumar, Satish; Committee Member: Ludovice, Pete; Committee Member: Nair, Sankar