Acute urinary retention associated with the use of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors
ABSTRACT The use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents for the treatment and prevention of bladder spasms has been documented in clinical trials.' In vitro studies have confirmed their role in relaxation of bladder smooth muscle.(2) We report 3 cases in which the use of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors resulted in acute but reversible urinary retention.
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ABSTRACT: There is evidence for a role of inflammation in the etiology of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), raising the possibility that use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may inhibit the development or progression of LUTS. The authors examined the association between use of prescription and over-the-counter NSAIDs and LUTS among 1,974 men and 2,661 women in the Boston Area Community Health Survey (2002-2005). Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for LUTS, voiding symptoms, storage symptoms, and nocturia. There was no clear association between use of prescription or over-the-counter NSAIDs (compared with no NSAID use) and overall LUTS, voiding symptoms, or nocturia in men or women. However, over-the-counter NSAID use was positively associated with storage symptoms in women (odds ratio = 1.37, 95% confidence interval: 1.03, 1.83), and there was a positive association between over-the-counter NSAID use and overall LUTS among women with a history of arthritis (odds ratio = 2.09, 95% confidence interval: 1.20, 3.64). These results do not provide strong support for an association between NSAIDs and LUTS. However, the associations between over-the-counter NSAID use and certain urologic symptoms, particularly among women with arthritis, and the potential mechanisms involved should be evaluated in future studies.American journal of epidemiology 02/2011; 173(9):1022-31. DOI:10.1093/aje/kwq473 · 4.98 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Urinary retention is a condition in which impaired emptying of the bladder results in postvoidal residual urine. It is generally classified into `acute' or `chronic' urinary retention. Because of the complex mechanism of micturition, many drugs can interact with the micturition pathway, all via different modes of action. Although the incidence of urinary retention, in particular acute urinary retention, has been well studied in observational studies and randomized controlled trials, data on the incidence of drug-induced urinary retention are scarce. Data from observational studies suggest that up to 10% of episodes might be attributable to the use of concomitant medication. Urinary retention has been described with the use of drugs with anticholinergic activity (e.g. antipsychotic drugs, antidepressant agents and anticholinergic respiratory agents), opioids and anaesthetics, α-adrenoceptor agonists, benzodiazepines, NSAIDs, detrusor relaxants and calcium channel antagonists. Elderly patients are at higher risk for developing drug-induced urinary retention, because of existing co-morbidities such as benign prostatic hyperplasia and the use of other concomitant medication that could reinforce the impairing effect on micturition. Drug-induced urinary retention is generally treated by urinary catheterization, especially if acute, in combination with discontinuation or a reduction in dose of the causal drug. Studies have been carried out examining the effects of preventive measures for anaesthesia-related urinary retention, both during and after surgery, particularly into the effect of using opioids in combination with non-opioid analgesic drugs on the incidence of postoperative urinary retention. Although combination therapy reduces the opioid-related adverse events, the effect on urinary retention yields contradictory results. This article reviews the literature on drug-induced urinary retention and focuses on its incidence, the different classes of drugs that have been associated with it, and options for its management and prevention.Drug Safety 12/2007; 31(5):373-388. DOI:10.2165/00002018-200831050-00002 · 2.62 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A few epidemiologic studies have found that use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with reduced risk of bladder cancer. However, the effects of specific NSAID use and individual variability in risk have not been well studied. We examined the association between NSAIDs use and bladder cancer risk, and its modification by 39 candidate genes related to NSAID metabolism. A population-based case-control study was conducted in northern New England, enrolling 1,171 newly diagnosed cases and 1,418 controls. Regular use of nonaspirin, nonselective NSAIDs was associated with reduced bladder cancer risk, with a statistically significant inverse trend in risk with duration of use (ORs of 1.0, 0.8, 0.6 and 0.6 for <5, 5-9, 10-19 and 20+ years, respectively; p(trend) = 0.015). This association was driven mainly by ibuprofen; significant inverse trends in risk with increasing duration and dose of ibuprofen were observed (p(trend) = 0.009 and 0.054, respectively). The reduced risk from ibuprofen use was limited to individuals carrying the T allele of a single nucleotide polymorphism (rs4646450) compared to those who did not use ibuprofen and did not carry the T allele in the CYP3A locus, providing new evidence that this association might be modified by polymorphisms in genes that metabolize ibuprofen. Significant positive trends in risk with increasing duration and cumulative dose of selective cyclooxygenase (COX-2) inhibitors were observed. Our results are consistent with those from previous studies linking use of NSAIDs, particularly ibuprofen, with reduced risk. We observed a previously unrecognized risk associated with use of COX-2 inhibitors, which merits further evaluation.International Journal of Cancer 01/2013; 132(1). DOI:10.1002/ijc.27590 · 5.01 Impact Factor