[Site-directed mutation of PoIFN-alpha and its expression in Escherichia coli].
ABSTRACT By using huge primer PCR Cys86 (TGC) of PoIFN-alpha was mutated to Tyr(TAC), and the first code TGT was simultaneously changed to TGC, which is a bias code of E. coli. The expression plasmid pGEX-IFN was constructed successfully. Recombinant porcine IFN alpha, which is expressed as inclusion bodies, was about 20% of the total proteins. The inclusion body was dissolved in 8 mol/L urea and subsequently renatured by dilution in refolding buffer. In order to obtain pure protein, the renatured IFN alpha was purified by FPLC, and the cytokine activity (5200 IU/mg) was verified by inhibiting the cytopathic effect.