Atypical epithelial proliferations in acquired renal cystic disease harbor cytogenetic aberrations.
ABSTRACT Acquired renal cystic disease (ARCD) complicating end-stage renal failure confers an increased risk for renal cell carcinoma, and atypical epithelial proliferation in the cysts may represent the precursor lesion. In this report we used an interphase cytogenetic technique to analyze the karyotypic features of various forms of atypical epithelial proliferations in a patient with ARCD. Both kidneys harbored numerous simple and atypical cysts. In addition, papillary tufts and a hitherto undescribed cribriform epithelial proliferation were found in the right kidney. The left kidney contained a 10-mm renal cell carcinoma with features indeterminate between clear cell and papillary types. There was gain of chromosome 7 in the papillary tufts; gain of chromosomes 7 and 17 in the cribriform lesion; gain of chromosomes 7, 12, 17, 20, and Y in the atypical cysts; and gain of chromosomes 7, 12, 17, and 20 in the renal cell carcinoma. These chromosomal aberrations suggest that atypical epithelial proliferations in ARCD represent early neoplastic lesions.
Article: Unusual Kidney Cancers[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: There are various unusual manifestations of RCCs. Sometimes they mimic other benign or malignant renal tumors or inflammation. Familiarity with these radiologic features of unusual RCCs can help ensure correct diagnosis and proper management.
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ABSTRACT: The acquired cystic disease of the kidney-associated renal cell carcinoma (ACDK-RCC) in the current study occurred in a kidney with multiple cysts and was composed of cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm and prominent nucleoli. There were extensive calcium oxalate deposits in both non-neoplastic cysts and tumor. The tumor cells were positive for RCC Ma, CD10, and EMA, focally positive for CK7, negative for vimentin. Interphase in situ hybridizations (FISH) were performed for chromosome 1, 2, 7, 10, 13 and 17. No chromosomal abnormality was observed in the non-neoplastic cysts. Polysomies of chromosomes 1, 2, 7, 10, 13, 17 were observed in the tumor. Trisomy 13 was first reported in this type of tumor, which warranted further study.Open Journal of Pathology 01/2012; 02(01). DOI:10.4236/ojpathology.2012.21001
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ABSTRACT: Cystic renal neoplasms represent an isolated cystic mass not accompanied by cystic change of the renal parenchyma. Although cystic change may be seen in any type of renal neoplasm, a few (i.e., cystic renal cell carcinoma, cystic nephroma, cystic partially differentiated nephroblastoma, mixed epithelial and stromal tumor) are characterized by constant cystic change that may involve the entire tumor. Cystic kidney disease is characterized by cystic change, which usually involves the kidneys in a bilateral and diffuse pattern, does not create a discreet mass, and is due to hereditary or developmental conditions. Some of the cystic kidney diseases are not known to give rise to renal neoplasm; others such as autosomal polycystic kidney disease or multicystic dysplastic kidney may fortuitously coexist with renal neoplasms. Three conditions (acquired cystic kidney disease, tuberous sclerosis, and von Hippel-Lindau disease) are associated with renal neoplasms with such a high frequency that they are considered preneoplastic. This article reviews the differential diagnoses among cystic neoplasms. It also focuses on the underlying genetic and molecular mechanisms for the relationship between cystic renal diseases and renal neoplasms.Advances in Anatomic Pathology 06/2003; 10(3):135-59. DOI:10.1097/00125480-200305000-00003 · 3.10 Impact Factor