The pharmacokinetics and tolerability of an intravenous infusion of the new hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 (6%, 500 mL) in mild-to-severe renal impairment.

Clinical Research, Fresenius Kabi, 61346 Bad Homburg, Germany.
Anesthesia & Analgesia (Impact Factor: 3.42). 09/2002; 95(3):544-51, table of contents. DOI: 10.1097/00000539-200209000-00007
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Hydroxyethyl starches (HES) are almost exclusively excreted glomerularly, in part after hydrolysis by amylase. HES 130/0.4 (Voluven; Fresenius Kabi Deutschland GmbH, Bad Homburg, Germany) was developed to improve pharmacokinetics whereas preserving the efficacy of volume effect. We studied the dependency of pharmacokinetics of HES 130/0.4 on renal function. Nineteen volunteers with stable, non-anuric renal dysfunction, ranging from almost normal creatinine clearance (CL(cr)) to severe renal impairment (mean CL(cr): 50.6 mL. min(-1). 1.73 m(-2)), were given a single infusion of 500 mL 6% HES 130/0.4 over 30 min. HES plasma concentrations were determined until 72 h, urinary excretion until 72-96 h. CL(cr) had been obtained at least twice before and twice after dosing. Standard pharmacokinetic calculations and regression analysis were performed. Area under the time concentration curve (AUC(0-inf)) clearly depended on renal function comparing subjects with CL(cr) < 50 with those with CL(cr) > or =50 (ratio 1.73). Peak concentration (C(max), 4.34 mg/mL) as well as terminal half-life (16.1 h, model independent) were not affected by renal impairment. At CL(cr) > or =30, 59% of the drug could be retrieved in urine, versus 51% at CL(cr) 15-<30. The mean molecular weight of HES in plasma was 62,704 d at 30 min, showing lower values with increased renal impairment (P = 0.04). Pre-dose amylase concentrations inversely correlated with baseline CL(cr). Residual HES plasma concentrations after 24 h were small in all subjects (< or =0.6 mg/mL). We conclude that HES 130/0.4 (500 mL 6%) can be safely administered to patients even with severe renal impairment, as long as urine flow is preserved, without plasma accumulation. IMPLICATIONS: Dependency of the pharmacokinetics of hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 on renal function was studied. The area under the time concentration curve increased moderately with more severe renal dysfunction; however, small plasma concentrations were observed after 24 h. Terminal half-life and peak concentration remained unaffected by renal impairment.

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