Article

Splicing mutations, mainly IVS6-1(G>T), account for 70% of fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH) gene alterations, including 7 novel mutations, in a survey of 29 tyrosinemia type I patients.

Unitat de Malalties Neurometabòliques, Hospital Materno-Infantil Vall d'Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.
Human Mutation (Impact Factor: 5.05). 09/2002; 20(3):180-8. DOI: 10.1002/humu.10084
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Hereditary tyrosinemia type I (HTI) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by a deficiency in fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH) activity. In this work, the FAH genotype was established in a group of 29 HTI patients, most of them from the Mediterranean area. We identified seven novel mutations-IVS8-1(G>A, IVS10-2(A>T), 938delC, E6/I6del26, W78X, Q328X, and G343W-and two previously described mutations-IVS6-1(G>T) and IVS12+5(G>A). Fully 92.8% of the patients were carriers of at least one splice site mutation, with IVS6-1(G>T) accounting for 58.9% of the total number of alleles. The splice mutation group of patients showed heterogeneous phenotypic patterns ranging from acute forms with severe liver malfunction to chronic forms with renal manifestations and slow progressive hepatic alterations. Qualitative FAH cDNA expression was the same in all IVS6-1(G>T) homozygous patients regardless of their clinical picture. One patient with a heterozygous combination of a nonsense (Q328X) and a frameshift (938delC) mutation showed an atypical clinical picture of hypotonia and repeated infections. Despite the high prevalence of IVS12+5(G>A) in the northwestern European population, we found only two patients with this mutation in our group.

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