Roles of Mcm7 and Mcm4 subunits in the DNA helicase activity of the mouse Mcm4/6/7 complex.
ABSTRACT Mcm, which is composed of six structurally related subunits (Mcm2-7), is essential for eukaryotic DNA replication. A subassembly of Mcm, the Mcm4/6/7 double-trimeric complex, possesses DNA helicase activity, and it has been proposed that Mcm may function as a replicative helicase at replication forks. We show here that conserved ATPase motifs of Mcm7 are essential for ATPase and DNA helicase activities of the Mcm4/6/7 complex. Because uncomplexed Mcm7 displayed neither ATPase nor DNA helicase activity, Mcm7 contributes to the DNA helicase activity of the Mcm complex through interaction with other subunits. In contrast, the Mcm4/6/7 complex containing a zinc finger mutant of Mcm4 with partially impaired DNA binding activity exhibited elevated DNA helicase activity. The Mcm4/6/7 complex containing this Mcm4 mutant tended to dissociate into trimeric complexes, suggesting that the zinc finger of Mcm4 is involved in subunit interactions of trimers. The Mcm4 mutants lacking the N-terminal 35 or 112 amino acids could form hexameric Mcm4/6/7 complexes, but displayed very little DNA helicase activity. In conjunction with the previously reported essential role of Mcm6 in ATP binding (You, Z., Komamura, Y., and Ishimi, Y. (1999) Mol. Cell. Biol. 19, 8003-8015), our data indicate distinct roles of Mcm4, Mcm6, and Mcm7 subunits in activation of the DNA helicase activity of the Mcm4/6/7 complex.
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ABSTRACT: Juvenile hormone (JH), a sesquiterpenoid produced by the corpora allata, coordinates insect growth, metamorphosis, and reproduction. While JH action for the repression of larval metamorphosis has been well studied, the molecular basis of JH in promoting adult reproduction has not been fully elucidated. Methoprene-tolerant (Met), the JH receptor, has been recently shown to mediate JH action during metamorphosis as well as in vitellogenesis, but again, the precise mechanism underlying the latter has been lacking. We have now demonstrated using Met RNAi to phenocopy a JH-deprived condition in migratory locusts, that JH stimulates DNA replication and increases ploidy in preparation for vitellogenesis. Mcm4 and Mcm7, two genes in the DNA replication pathway were expressed in the presence of JH and Met. Depletion of Mcm4 or Mcm7 inhibited de novo DNA synthesis and polyploidization, and resulted in the substantial reduction of vitellogenin mRNA levels as well as severely impaired oocyte maturation and ovarian growth. By using luciferase reporter and electrophoretic mobility shift assays, we have shown that Met directly regulates the transcription of Mcm4 and Mcm7 by binding to upstream consensus sequences with E-box or E-box-like motifs. Our work suggests that the JH-receptor complex acts on Mcm4 and Mcm7 to regulate DNA replication and polyploidy for vitellogenesis and oocyte maturation.PLoS Genetics 08/2014; 10:e1004702. · 8.52 Impact Factor