Roles of Mcm7 and Mcm4 subunits in the DNA helicase activity of the mouse Mcm4/6/7 complex.
ABSTRACT Mcm, which is composed of six structurally related subunits (Mcm2-7), is essential for eukaryotic DNA replication. A subassembly of Mcm, the Mcm4/6/7 double-trimeric complex, possesses DNA helicase activity, and it has been proposed that Mcm may function as a replicative helicase at replication forks. We show here that conserved ATPase motifs of Mcm7 are essential for ATPase and DNA helicase activities of the Mcm4/6/7 complex. Because uncomplexed Mcm7 displayed neither ATPase nor DNA helicase activity, Mcm7 contributes to the DNA helicase activity of the Mcm complex through interaction with other subunits. In contrast, the Mcm4/6/7 complex containing a zinc finger mutant of Mcm4 with partially impaired DNA binding activity exhibited elevated DNA helicase activity. The Mcm4/6/7 complex containing this Mcm4 mutant tended to dissociate into trimeric complexes, suggesting that the zinc finger of Mcm4 is involved in subunit interactions of trimers. The Mcm4 mutants lacking the N-terminal 35 or 112 amino acids could form hexameric Mcm4/6/7 complexes, but displayed very little DNA helicase activity. In conjunction with the previously reported essential role of Mcm6 in ATP binding (You, Z., Komamura, Y., and Ishimi, Y. (1999) Mol. Cell. Biol. 19, 8003-8015), our data indicate distinct roles of Mcm4, Mcm6, and Mcm7 subunits in activation of the DNA helicase activity of the Mcm4/6/7 complex.
- SourceAvailable from: Fumio Hanaoka[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The presence of multiple clusters of runs of asymmetric adenine or thymine is a feature commonly found in eukaryotic replication origins. Here we report that the helicase and ATPase activities of the mammalian Mcm4/6/7 complex are activated specifically by thymine stretches. The Mcm helicase is specifically activated by a synthetic bubble structure which mimics an activated replication origin, as well as by a Y-fork structure, provided that a single-stranded DNA region of sufficient length is present in the unwound segment or 3' tail, respectively, and that it carries clusters of thymines. Sequences derived from the human lamin B2 origin can serve as a potent activator for the Mcm helicase, and substitution of its thymine clusters with guanine leads to loss of this activation. At the fork, Mcm displays marked processivity, expected for a replicative helicase. These findings lead us to propose that selective activation by stretches of thymine sequences of a fraction of Mcm helicases loaded onto chromatin may be the determinant for selection of initiation sites on mammalian genomes.The EMBO Journal 12/2003; 22(22):6148-60. · 9.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The hetero-hexamer of the eukaryotic minichromosome maintenance (MCM) proteins plays an essential role in replication of genomic DNA. The ring-shaped Mcm2-7 hexamers comprising one of each subunit show helicase activity in vitro, and form double-hexamers on DNA. The Mcm4/6/7 also forms a hexameric complex with helicase activity in vitro. RESULTS: We used an Escherichiai coli expression system to express various domains of Schizosaccharomyces pombe Mcm4, 6 and 7 in order to characterize their domain structure, oligomeric states, and possible inter-/intra-subunit interactions. We also successfully employed a co-expression system to express Mcm4/6/7 at the same time in Escherichiai coli, and have purified functional Mcm4/6/7 complex in a hexameric state in high yield and purity, providing a means for generating large quantity of proteins for future structural and biochemical studies. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our results and those of others, models were proposed for the subunit arrangement and architecture of both the Mcm4/6/7 hexamer and the Mcm2-7 double-hexamer.BMC Biochemistry 02/2013; 14(1):5. · 1.78 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The mouse int6 gene is a frequent integration site of the mouse mammary tumor virus and INT6 silencing by RNA interference in HeLa cells causes an increased number of cells in the G2/M phases of the cell cycle, along with mitotic defects. In this report, we investigated the functional significance of the interaction between INT6 and MCM7, which was observed in a two-hybrid screen performed with INT6 as bait. It was found that proteasome inhibition strengthens interaction between both proteins and that INT6 stabilizes MCM7. Removal of MCM7 from chromatin as replication proceeds was accelerated in INT6-silenced cells and reduced amounts of protein were transiently observed, followed by a correction resulting from stimulation of mcm7 gene expression. Synchronized cells depleted for either INT6 or MCM7 display a reduction in thymidine incorporation and a reinforced association of RPA and claspin with chromatin. These data show that INT6 stabilizes chromatin-bound MCM7 and that alteration of this effect is associated with replication deficiency.Oncogene 09/2007; 26(35):5132-44. · 8.56 Impact Factor