Pain treatment with acupuncture for patients with fibromyalgia
Division of Physical Medicine, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, Ave. Giovanni Gronchi, 1106 San Paulo, Brazil. Current Pain and Headache Reports
(Impact Factor: 2.26).
11/2002; 6(5):379-83. DOI: 10.1007/s11916-002-0080-z
Fibromyalgia is a chronic, painful musculoskeletal syndrome of unknown etiopathogenesis. In addition to medicamentous and physical and psychologic therapies, several other adjunct therapies have been used as alternatives in the attempt to obtain analgesia and decrease the symptoms that are characteristic of this problem. This article presents a literary review on the use of acupuncture as an adjunct or chief treatment for patients with fibromyalgia, comparing it with an ongoing clinical experience that has been carried out at Hospital das Clínicas in the city of São Paulo. The results were found by applying traditional acupuncture, which demonstrated positive rates in the Visual Analogue Scale, myalgic index, number of tender points, and improvement in quality of life based on the SF-36 questionnaire.
Available from: Kathleen R Bell
- "Acupuncture has not been studied specifically for this purpose. There is evidence that acupuncture is helpful in the short-term treatment of some chronic painful musculoskeletal conditions  . If spasticity is more generalized, as in tetraplegia, or these physical maneuvers are insufficient to control spasticity, then other methods are used including oral medication, chemodenervation, implantation of intrathecal "
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ABSTRACT: The co-occurrence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and pain is quite frequent and presents a number of challenges to the medical practitioner. The distinct nature and extent of these challenges calls for considering the co-existence of TBI and pain a unique medical entity. Clearly, from a research standpoint, the area is in its infancy. The clinician is often left with adapting standard techniques effective for evaluating and treating pain in patients without TBI. Such adaptations require a readiness to recognize how pain affects the presence and course of TBI-related symptoms and, in turn, how TBI symptoms affect the presence and course of pain. Given the myriad factors that can affect outcome, effective evaluation and treatment of this co-occurring problem need to rely on a biopsychosocial model, which encourages consideration of a broad perspective of possible causes and care approaches as well as use of multiple disciplines.
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America 06/2006; 17(2):473-90, viii. DOI:10.1016/j.pmr.2005.11.007 · 0.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome of chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain that is accompanied by sleep disturbance and fatigue. Clinical treatment usually includes lifestyle modifications and pharmacologic interventions meant to relieve pain, improve sleep quality, and treat mood disorders. These therapies are often ineffective or have been shown in clinical studies to have only short-term effectiveness. Pharmacologic treatments have considerable side effects. Patients may have difficulty complying with exercise-based treatments. Thus, patients seek alternative therapeutic approaches and physicians are routinely asked for advice about these treatments. This article reviews nontraditional treatment alternatives, from use of nutritional and herbal supplements to acupuncture and mind-body therapy. Little is known about efficacy and tolerance of complementary and alternative therapies in FM and other chronic musculoskeletal pain syndromes. Most studies on these treatments have been performed for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or focal musculoskeletal conditions. Clinical trials are scarce; the quality of these trials is often criticized because of small study population size, lack of appropriate control interventions, poor compliance, or short duration of follow-up. However, because of widespread and growing use of alternative medicine, especially by persons with chronic illnesses, it is essential to review efficacy and adverse effects of complementary and alternative therapies.
Current Rheumatology Reports 05/2001; 3(2):147-56. DOI:10.1007/s11926-001-0010-9 · 2.87 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Traditionally, acupuncture is embedded in naturalistic theories that are compatible with Confucianism and Taoism. Such ideas as yin-yang, qi, dampness, and wind represent East Asian conceptual frameworks that emphasize the reliability of ordinary, human sensory awareness. Many physicians who practice acupuncture reject such prescientific notions. Numerous randomized, controlled trials and more than 25 systematic reviews and meta-analyses have evaluated the clinical efficacy of acupuncture. Evidence from these trials indicates that acupuncture is effective for emesis developing after surgery or chemotherapy in adults and for nausea associated with pregnancy. Good evidence exists that acupuncture is also effective for relieving dental pain. For such conditions as chronic pain, back pain, and headache, the data are equivocal or contradictory. Clinical research on acupuncture poses unique methodologic challenges. Properly performed acupuncture seems to be a safe procedure. Basic-science research provides evidence that begins to offer plausible mechanisms for the presumed physiologic effects of acupuncture. Multiple research approaches have shown that acupuncture activates endogenous opioid mechanisms. Recent data, obtained by using functional magnetic resonance imaging, suggest that acupuncture has regionally specific, quantifiable effects on relevant brain structures. Acupuncture may stimulate gene expression of neuropeptides. The training and provision of acupuncture care in the United States are rapidly expanding.
Annals of internal medicine 04/2002; 136(5):374-83. DOI:10.7326/0003-4819-136-5-200203050-00010 · 17.81 Impact Factor
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