Expression patterns of antioxidant proteins in brains of patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease.
ABSTRACT Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and Western blot analysis, we were able to identify and quantify six antioxidant proteins, peroxiredoxin (Prx) I, Prx II, Prx III, 1-Cys Prx, putative peroxisomal antioxidant enzyme (PLP), and mitochondrial Mn superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) in two individual brain regions, cerebellum and frontal cortex of patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jacob (sCJD). Among six antioxidant proteins, 1-Cys Prx showed significant increase (P > 0.05) in sCJD frontal cortex whereas Prx I was decreased (P > 0.01). In cerebellum, levels of all antioxidant proteins studied were comparable to those of controls. Our findings provide evidence for the link between aberrant expression of antioxidant proteins, 1-Cys Prx and Prx I and CJD neuropathogenesis and we discuss the neuropathological meaning of these dysregulated antioxidant proteins in sCJD brain.
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ABSTRACT: Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis separates large numbers of proteins in two steps on the basis of differences in their pIs and molecular masses. The separation is usually performed on immobilized pH gradient strips, followed by gradient polyacrylamide gels separating proteins with molecular masses between 5-200 kDa. For the first-dimensional separation the protein samples are usually applied near one end of the strip. Using total soluble protein extracts of the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae, we found that simultaneous sample application at both the basic and the acidic ends of the strip resulted in detection of more and stronger protein spots in comparison with sample application at one end only. Because many proteins of an organism have similar pI and Mr values, an overlapping of protein spots is frequently observed in the second-dimensional separation. The soluble protein fraction of H. influenzae was further separated on gels of constant acrylamide concentration between 7.5% and 15.0%. We found that for proteins of molecular mass within certain ranges, the gels of homogeneous acrylamide concentration provided more efficient spot separation than the gradient gels. The observed improvements in spot resolution may be useful in the characterization of proteins from other organisms or cell lines.Electrophoresis 11/1997; 18(11):2085-90. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Keratinocyte growth factor is a potent and specific mitogen for different types of epithelial cells, including keratinocytes of the skin. Furthermore, it has been implicated in morphogenetic processes of several organs. To further define the mechanisms of KGF action in the skin, we attempted to identify genes which are regulated by KGF in keratinocytes. Using the differential display RT-PCR technology, a gene was identified which was strongly induced in these cells by treatment with KGF but not with serum growth factors or pro-inflammatory cytokines. Molecular cloning of the full-length cDNA revealed a strong homology of the corresponding gene product with a bovine non-selenium glutathione peroxidase. Upon transfection of COS cells with the full-length cDNA, a 27 kD cytoplasmic protein was obtained which had the expected size of glutathione peroxidase. Expression of the novel gene was detected in normal human skin and at particularly high levels in psoriatic skin, indicating a possible in vivo function of the protein in this tissue. Identification of a peroxidase as a KGF-regulated gene suggests that prevention from oxygen toxicity is a novel and specific mechanism of KGF action.Oncogene 03/1997; 14(8):915-21. · 7.36 Impact Factor
- Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 12/1969; 191(2):488-90. · 4.66 Impact Factor