Analysis of the complex genomic structure of Bcl-x and its relationship to Bcl-x gamma expression after CD28-dependent costimulation
ABSTRACT The Bcl-x(gamma) cytosolic protein is essential for costimulatory activity after CD3/CD28 coligation. Here we delineate the Bcl-x(gamma)/Bcl-x genomic organization and the molecular mechanism that allows expression. We show that exon 4 of the Bcl-x gene encodes the unique C-terminal end of the Bcl-x(gamma) molecule while exons 5, 6, 7 and 8 are differentially transcribed to yield three alternative Bcl-x(gamma) 3' untranslated regions (UTR). CD28-dependent signals may increase levels of Bcl-x(gamma) protein through induction of an alternatively-spliced Bcl-x(gamma) 3' UTR that contains stem loop structures that stabilize Bcl-x(gamma) RNA. The ability receptor-induced signals to regulate the splicing pattern of the complex Bcl-x gene may allow T-cells to respond appropriately to antigenic stimuli.
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ABSTRACT: "September 2006"--Cover Thesis (Ph. D. in Science)--University of Tsukuba, (B), no. 2244, 2006.11.30 Includes bibliographical references (leaves 39-52) https://www.tulips.tsukuba.ac.jp/limedio/dlam/B26/B2698122/1.pdf
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ABSTRACT: The molecular basis of CD28-dependent costimulation of T cells is poorly understood. Bcl-xgamma is a member of the Bcl-x family whose expression is restricted to activated T cells and requires CD28-dependent ligation for full expression. We report that Bcl-xgamma-deficient (Bcl-xgamma-/-) T cells display defective proliferative and cytokine responses to CD28-dependent costimulatory signals, impaired memory responses to proteolipid protein peptide (PLP), and do not develop PLP-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). In contrast, enforced expression of Bcl-xgamma largely replaces the requirement for B7-dependent ligation of CD28. These findings identify the Bcl-xgamma cytosolic protein as an essential downstream link in the CD28-dependent signaling pathway that underlies T cell costimulation.Journal of Experimental Medicine 08/2002; 196(1):87-95. DOI:10.1084/jem.20012084 · 13.91 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Bcl-xL plays a critical role in maintaining cell survival. However, the relationship between the potential interaction of Bcl-xL with other cytosolic proteins and the regulation of cell survival remains incompletely defined. We have identified translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP), a multifunctional protein, as a novel antiapoptotic Bcl-xL-interacting protein. TCTP interacted in vivo and in vitro with Bcl-xL, and their sites have been mapped to an N-terminal region of TCTP and the Bcl-2 homology domain 3 of Bcl-xL. Consistent with a role in maintaining T-cell survival during activation, TCTP was significantly upregulated in murine T cells activated by T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) ligation and CD28 costimulation, which was correlated with the upregulation of Bcl-xL in activated T cells. Moreover, downregulation of TCTP expression by antisense technology in T cells results in the increase of T-cell apoptosis. Furthermore, the N-terminal region of TCTP was required for its ability to inhibit apoptosis. In conclusion, this study has demonstrated that an N-terminal region of a cytosolic protein, TCTP, is required for its binding to Bcl-xL and for its antiapoptotic activity.Oncogene 08/2005; 24(30):4778-88. DOI:10.1038/sj.onc.1208666 · 8.56 Impact Factor