Characterization of antimalarial SPf66 peptide using MALDI-TOF MS, CD and SEC.
ABSTRACT SPf66 is the first chemically synthesized peptide to elicit a partial protective immune response against malaria. Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) with multi-angle laser light-scattering (MALLS) detection and hydrogen/deuterium (H/D) exchange monitored by (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization) MALDI-TOF (time-of-flight) mass spectrometry (MS) were used to assess the conformation and stability in aqueous solution after storage at different temperatures. Moreover, the feasible conformational changes of this peptide were also measured by circular dichroism (CD)-spectroscopy. The absolute molecular weight of SPf66 monomer and dimer species were 4765 and 8960Da using SEC with MALLS detection, and 4643 and 9490Da by MALDI-TOF MS, the discrepancy being between both methods lower than 5.7%, a value quite close to those found in other proteins. The results from H/D exchange monitored by MALDI-TOF MS and CD-spectroscopy show that the SPf66 monomer lacks ordered structure, whereas the SPf66 dimer species presents segments of secondary structure as a determined by CD measurements.
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ABSTRACT: The complex life cycle of plasmodial parasites makes the selection of a single subunit protein a less than optimal strategy to generate an efficient vaccinal protection against malaria. Moreover, the full protection afforded by malarial proteins carried by intact parasites implies that immune responses against different antigens expressed in different phases of the cycle are required, but also suggests that native malarial antigens are presented to the host immune system in a manner that recombinant proteins do not achieve. The malarial apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) represents a suitable vaccine candidate because AMA1 is expressed on sporozoites and merozoites and allows them to invade hepatocytes and erythrocytes, respectively. Anti-AMA1 antibodies and cytotoxic T-cells are therefore expected to interfere both with the primary invasion of hepatocytes by sporozoites and with the later propagation of merozoites in erythrocytes, and thus efficiently counteract parasite development in its human host. AMA1 bears potential glycosylation sites and the human erythrocytic O-linked N-acetylglucosamine transferase (OGT) could glycosylate AMA1 through combinatorial metabolism. This hypothesis was tested in silico by developing binding models of AMA1 with human OGT complexed with UDP-GlcNc, and followed by the binding of O-GlcNAc with the hydroxyl group of AMA1 serine and threonine residues. Our results suggests that AMA1 shows potential for glycosylation at Thr517 and Ser498 and that O-GlcNAc AMA1 may constitute a conformationally more appropriate antigen for developing a protective anti-malarial immune response.Molecular Biology Reports 04/2012; 39(4):4663-72. · 2.51 Impact Factor