Long-term endothelial changes in phakic eyes with posterior chamber intraocular lenses.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Vienna Medical School, Vienna, Austria.
Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.53). 10/2002; 28(9):1589-93. DOI: 10.1016/S0886-3350(02)01210-5
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To evaluate the long-term endothelial cell changes in phakic eyes after implantation of a posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens to correct high ametropia.
Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Thirty-four eyes of 21 patients having implantation of an implantable contact lens (ICL, Staar Surgical) for high myopia or hyperopia were prospectively examined. The minimum follow-up was 2 to 4 years. Preoperative and serial postoperative specular microscopy (Noncon Robo SP 8000, Konan) was performed to evaluate the long-term endothelial cell changes.
The mean preoperative endothelial cell density was 2854 cells/mm(2). The mean endothelial cell loss from preoperatively was 1.8% at 3 months, 4.2% at 6 months, 5.5% at 12 months, 7.9% at 2 years (n = 34), 12.9% at 3 years (n = 13), and 12.3% at 4 years (n = 11). All other endothelial cell characteristics remained stable during the 4-year follow-up.
Continuous endothelial cell loss was observed after ICL implantation during a 4-year follow-up. There was rapid cell loss until 1 year postoperatively, after which the rate of loss was no longer statistically significant. The percentage of hexagonal cells (polymorphism) and the coefficient of variation (polymegethism) remained stable during the 4-year follow-up.

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