Searching for DNA-protein interactions by lambda phage display.
ABSTRACT We applied phage display technology to DNA-protein interaction studies. A cDNA expression library displayed on the surface of bacteriophage lambda was generated from the highly differentiated MMH E14 murine hepatic cell line. Selection of this library using the promoter sequence of the liver-enriched transcription factor HNF1alpha gene as ligate identified DNA-binding domains specifically interacting with different regions of this regulatory sequence. One of the selected phage showed 100% identity to a DNA-binding domain shared by differentiation specific element-binding protein, vasoactive intestinal peptide receptor-repressor protein and replication factor C and was further investigated. Specific binding of the selected protein domain was confirmed in a phage-independent context. By combining ELISA and South-Western assays using the selected phage and a bacterially expressed glutathione-S-transferase protein fused to the encoded DNA-binding domain, an array of multiple adjacent DNA-binding sites sharing a common consensus motif was identified. The strategy described represents a powerful tool to identify proteins that bind to DNA regulatory elements.
Article: New perspective for phage display as an efficient and versatile technology of functional proteomics.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Phage display with antibody libraries has been widely used with versatile applications. However, phage display with cDNA libraries is rare and inefficient. Because of uncontrollable reading frames and stop codons in cDNA repertoires, high percentage of phage clones identified from conventional cDNA libraries are non-open reading frames (non-ORFs) encoding unnatural short peptides with minimal implications in protein networks. Consequently, phage display has not been used as a technology of functional proteomics to elucidate protein-protein interactions like yeast two-hybrid system and mass spectrometry-based technologies. Several strategies, including C-terminal display and ORF cDNA libraries, have been explored to circumvent the technical problem. The accumulative endeavors eventually led to the efficient elucidation of a large number of tubby- and phosphatidylserine-binding proteins in recent studies by ORF phage display with minimal reading frame issue. ORF phage display inherits all the versatile applications of antibody phage display, but enables efficient identification of real endogenous proteins with efficiency, sensitivity, and accuracy comparable to other technologies of functional proteomics. Its ELISA-like procedure can be conveniently adapted by individual laboratories or fully automated for high-throughput screening. Thus, ORF phage display is an efficient, sensitive, versatile, and convenient technology of functional proteomics for elucidation of global and pathway-specific protein-protein interactions, disease mechanisms, or therapeutic targets.Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 10/2009; 85(4):909-19. · 3.42 Impact Factor
Article: Microarray profiling of phage-display selections for rapid mapping of transcription factor-DNA interactions.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Modern computational methods are revealing putative transcription-factor (TF) binding sites at an extraordinary rate. However, the major challenge in studying transcriptional networks is to map these regulatory element predictions to the protein transcription factors that bind them. We have developed a microarray-based profiling of phage-display selection (MaPS) strategy that allows rapid and global survey of an organism's proteome for sequence-specific interactions with such putative DNA regulatory elements. Application to a variety of known yeast TF binding sites successfully identified the cognate TF from the background of a complex whole-proteome library. These factors contain DNA-binding domains from diverse families, including Myb, TEA, MADS box, and C2H2 zinc-finger. Using MaPS, we identified Dot6 as a trans-active partner of the long-predicted orphan yeast element Polymerase A & C (PAC). MaPS technology should enable rapid and proteome-scale study of bi-molecular interactions within transcriptional networks.PLoS Genetics 05/2009; 5(4):e1000449. · 8.69 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Comprehensive analysis of DNA-protein interactions is important for mapping transcriptional regulatory networks on a genome-wide level. Here we present a new application of mRNA display for in vitro selection of DNA-binding protein heterodimeric complexes. Under improved selection conditions using a TPA-responsive element (TRE) as a bait DNA, known interactors c-fos and c-jun were simultaneously enriched about 100-fold from a model library (a 1:1:20 000 mixture of c-fos, c-jun and gst genes) after one round of selection. Furthermore, almost all kinds of the AP-1 family genes including c-jun, c-fos, junD, junB, atf2 and b-atf were successfully selected from an mRNA display library constructed from a mouse brain poly A(+) RNA after six rounds of selection. These results indicate that the mRNA display selection system can identify a variety of DNA-binding protein complexes in a single experiment. Since almost all transcription factors form heterooligomeric complexes to bind with their target DNA, this method should be most useful to search for DNA-binding transcription factor complexes.Nucleic Acids Research 02/2006; 34(3):e27. · 8.03 Impact Factor