Estimating the immigration multiplier: an analysis of recent Korean and Filipino immigration to the United States.
ABSTRACT "This article explores the effect of 'chaining' through the petitioning of relatives on the demand for future immigrant visas [to the United States]. The data for the study come from a 1986 survey of 3,911 respondents from the Philippines and the Republic of Korea who were interviewed in Manila and Seoul just after they had received their U.S. immigrant visas. Analyses are conducted to derive different types of multipliers that may be used in estimating the effects of chain migration.... The empirical results for the Philippines and Korea indicate that the potential for future immigration through the family reunification entitlements of the immigration law is lower than has previously been suggested." This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1987 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 53, No. 3, Fall 1987, p. 385).
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ABSTRACT: Drawing upon a special survey of those who legalized under the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) as having resided in an unlawful status since before 1982, this research focuses on their intentions to naturalize and their family members’ intentions to immigrate to examine the likely demand for immigration visas. The research questions to be addressed are: What will be the probable numbers and timing of visa petitions under second preference and under other family preferences or as exempt immediate relatives, assuming that immigrants intending to naturalize do so? IRCA-legalized cohorts could eventually sponsor considerable immigration of their immediate relatives. Several recommendations are included for improving social science and policy analyses of progression to naturalization, impacts for legal immigration of family migration, and possible interconnections of family migration with undocumented immigration to the United States.
- International Migration Review 02/1989; 23(3):671-80. DOI:10.2307/2546434 · 1.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Immigration laws affect the national composition and size of the immigrant flow. Immigrants from different national origins have markedly different settlement patterns within the US. The regional economic consequences of immigration depend on both the number of immigrants settling within a region and the trade linkages among regions. This article traces the chain from immigration laws to economic consequences for an older industrial region, the Industrial Heartland. Changes in the laws since 1965 have permitted large increases in immigration from several Asian and Latin American countries. These immigrants are less likely to settle in the Industrial Heartland than immigrants from Europe. The National-Regional Impact Evaluation System (NRIES II) an interregional econometric model is used to estimate the economic consequences of the Asian, European and Mexican settlement patterns on the six states of the Heartland. Each case entails adding 100000 immigrants per year nationally for five years. The consequences for the Heartland generally are positive, but they vary within the region and among the settlement patterns.Urban Studies 03/1993; 30(2):237-265. DOI:10.1080/00420989320080271 · 1.28 Impact Factor