Does radical resection improve the survival in patients with carcinoma of the gallbladder who are 75 years old and older?

Department of Surgery, Saiseikai Nakatsu Hospital and Medical Center, Osaka 2-10-39, Shibata, Kita-ku, Osaka 530-0012, Japan.
World Journal of Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.35). 12/2002; 26(11):1315-8. DOI: 10.1007/s00268-002-6163-5
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Radical resections have been reported to improve the surgical outcome for patients with carcinoma of the gallbladder. In recent years surgeons have had more opportunities to operate on elderly patients. We investigated whether the survival rate of aged patients who had radical resections were better than rates for those who had simple cholecystectomy. Of the 300 patients treated for carcinoma of the gallbladder between 1971 and 1999, 206 resected cases (except pancreaticoduodenectomy and hepatectomy) were divided into two groups: age 75 years or older, 54 patients (the older group), and age less than 75 years, 152 patients (the younger group). Clinical features and progression of the carcinomas did not differ between the two groups. In the older group, 22 patients (40.7%) had simple cholecystectomy, 32 (59.3%) had radical resections; in the younger group, 65 patients (42.8%) had simple cholecystectomy, and 87 (57.3%) had radical resection. None of the older patients who had radical resection died postoperatively. Postoperative survival was not different between the two groups. In the older group the 5-year survival rate for patients who had radical resections was better (60.9%) than the rate for those who had simple cholecystectomy (14.1%) (p = 0.0098). Radical resection is effective for the aged patients with the carcinoma of gallbladder.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hepato-pancreatico-biliary (HPB) surgery encompasses major hepatic resection and pancreatic surgery, both procedures of high complexity with a potentially high complication rate. The establishment of centres of excellence with a high patient volume has lowered the complication and increased the resection rate. Besides this, increased life expectancy and improved general health status have increased the number of elderly patients eligible for major surgery. Because elderly patients have more co-morbidities and decreased life expectancy, the benefit of these procedures must be critically evaluated in such patients. Analysis of the literature on this subject demonstrated that pancreatico-duodenectomy can be performed safely in selected elderly patients (80 years of age or older), with morbidity and mortality rates approaching those observed in younger patients. This aspect was also confirmed by cost analysis studies that reported similar data in both groups. Similar findings are also reported for major hepatic resection in elderly patients with either hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), Klatskin tumour or gallbladder carcinoma. Nevertheless, those elderly patients who will benefit from surgery must be critically selected.
    Best practice & research. Clinical gastroenterology 12/2009; 23(6):919-23. DOI:10.1016/j.bpg.2009.10.003 · 3.28 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gallbladder carcinoma is an aggressive type of neoplasm difficult to cure by conventional procedures. Because of the lack of reliable markers for assessing the prognosis, this retrospective study was designed to investigate the prognostic significance of MK-1 overexpression in human carcinoma of the gallbladder. Immunohistochemical staining using monoclonal antibody FU-MK-1 (MK-1 antigen) was performed on paraffin-embedded tissues from 63 patients who had undergone surgical resection for gallbladder carcinoma. Expression of MK-1 was found in 50 (79%) of 63 tumor samples. All 21 papillary and 12 of 13 well-differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas but only 1 of 8 poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas were positive for FU-MK-1. Multivariate analysis showed that only MK-1 expression was an independent prognostic marker (P = .0473), and Kaplan-Meier curves showed that MK-1 expression was significantly related to increased overall survival (P < .0001). These results suggest that MK-1 expression is a prognostic marker in gallbladder carcinoma.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 07/2009; 132(1):111-7. DOI:10.1309/AJCP5HPHG6NGBWZO · 3.01 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Gallbladder cancer is the most common malignant tumor of the biliary tract and often diagnosed incidentally during laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladder disease. This underscores the importance of considering the diagnosis of gallbladder cancer when confronted with atypical findings and understanding cancer management guidelines that may impact patient outcome. Potentially curable early stage gallbladder lesions are often missed during preoperative workup and discovered incidentally during difficult cholecystectomy or afterwards on pathologic diagnosis. We will review current strategies to diagnose early stage disease and discuss clinical management issues to optimize the outcome of patients with gallbladder cancer.