Quantitative analysis of thymosin beta-10 messenger RNA in thyroid carcinomas.
ABSTRACT Genes that are differentially expressed in benign and malignant tissues are important for the establishment of molecular-based diagnosis of carcinomas. Our recent study on the gene expression profile of thyroid carcinomas revealed an increased expression of thymosin beta-10 mRNA.
To confirm this, we measured the expression levels of thymosin beta-10 mRNA in 84 thyroid benign and malignant thyroid tissues, including five anaplastic carcinomas, by means of real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.
We found an increased expression of thymosin beta-10 mRNA in thyroid carcinomas, especially in anaplastic carcinomas. Expression levels of thymosin beta-10 mRNA relative to thyroglobulin mRNA in anaplastic carcinomas were greatly increased compared with those in differentiated carcinomas.
These results suggest the usefulness of the quantitative measurement of thymosin beta-10 mRNA in molecular-based diagnosis of thyroid anaplastic carcinomas, but not of differentiated carcinomas.
- SourceAvailable from: cmu.edu.cn
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
- "A lot of reports in the literature documented higher expression of Tβ10 in tumor cells than in adjacent normal tissues . Moreover, Tβ10 expression is associated with the degree of tumor progression of thyroid and breast cancers   . It is therefore suggested that Tβ10 overexpression may be a general event of carcinogenesis  and can be used as a tumor progression or malignant potential marker . "
ABSTRACT: The exact role of thymosin beta10 in lung cancer progression remains unclear. We investigated by immunohistochemistry the expression of thymosin beta10 protein in tumors and tumor-adjacent tissues from 69 patients with non-small cell lung cancer. The relationship of thymosin beta10 expression with vascular endothelial growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor-C, microvessel density, and lymphatic vessel density was determined; clinicopathologic factors and surgical treatment outcome were also studied. The results showed that thymosin beta10 was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm of lung cancer cells, and the overexpression of thymosin beta10 was correlated with advanced clinical stage (P = .026), distant metastases (P = .016), lymph node metastases (P = .007), poor degree of differentiation (P = .03), and poor postoperative survival (P = .004). Furthermore, thymosin beta10 overexpression was associated with vascular endothelial growth factor (P = .004), vascular endothelial growth factor-C (P = .017), microvessel density (P = .000), and lymphatic vessel density (P = .002). The lowest survival rate was observed in the patients with high thymosin beta10, positive vascular endothelial growth factor, and high microvessel density (P = .007) or in the patients with high thymosin beta10, positive vascular endothelial growth factor-C, and high lymphatic vessel density (P = .005). These results suggest that thymosin beta10 might induce microvascular and lymphatic vessel formation by up-regulating vascular endothelial growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor-C in lung cancer tissues, thus promoting the distant and lymph node metastases and being implicated in the progression of non-small cell lung cancer.Human pathology 10/2008; 40(1):117-24. DOI:10.1016/j.humpath.2008.06.023 · 2.81 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To identify new diagnostic markers and drug targets, the gene expression profiles of pancreatic cancer were compared with that of adjacent normal tissues utilizing cDNA microarray analysis. cDNA probes were prepared by labeling mRNA from samples of six pancreatic carcinoma tissues with Cy5-dUTP and mRNA from adjacent normal tissues with Cy3-dUTP respectively through reverse transcription. The mixed probes of each sample were then hybridized with 12 800 cDNA arrays (12 648 unique human cDNA sequences), and the fluorescent signals were scanned by ScanArray 3 000 scanner (General Scanning, Inc.). The values of Cy5-dUTP and Cy3-dUTP on each spot were analyzed and calculated by ImaGene 3.0 software (BioDiscovery, Inc.). Differentially expressed genes were screened according to the criterion that the absolute value of natural logarithm of the ratio of Cy5-dUTP to Cy3-dUTP was greater-than 0.69. Among 6 samples investigated, 301 genes, which accounted for 2.38 % of genes on the microarry slides, exhibited differentially expression at least in 5. There were 166 over-expressed genes including 136 having been registered in Genebank, and 135 under-expressed genes including 79 in Genebank in cancerous tissues. Microarray analysis may provide invaluable information on disease pathology, progression, resistance to treatment, and response to cellular microenvironments of pancreatic carcinoma and ultimately may lead to improving early diagnosis and discovering innovative therapeutic approaches for cancer.World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2003; 9(4):818-23. · 2.43 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To survey the gene expression profiles in pancreatic carcinoma by using cDNA microarray and detect target genes for further study. Three mixed samples from 2 cases of normal pancreatic tissue and 4 cases of moderate-differentiated pancreatic carcinoma were studied by means of cDNA microarray consisting of 18 000 genes. 1484 and 1353 different expressed genes were observed in two cancer samples respectively. We identified 455 genes altered with the same tendency in both samples, including 102 up-regulated and 353 down-regulated genes. There were 274 known genes and 181 unknown genes; 27.8% and 52.0% genes respectively had an expression level in cancer that was 2-fold higher or lower than that in normal samples. Tumor suppressor genes, growth factors and receptor genes, signal conduction genes, transcription factor genes were identified. cDNA microarray is an efficient and high-throughout method to investigate gene expression profiles in pancreatic carcinoma. MBD1, EDG1 and gene hypermethylation mechanism would play an important role in the pathogenesis of pancreatic carcinoma.Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international: HBPD INT 09/2003; 2(3):467-70. · 1.17 Impact Factor