Solubility of saturated fatty acids in water at elevated temperatures.

Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Japan.
Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry (Impact Factor: 1.27). 09/2002; 66(8):1723-6. DOI: 10.1271/bbb.66.1723
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The solubility in water of saturated fatty acids with even carbon numbers from 8 to 18 was measured in the temperature range of 60 to 230 degrees C and at a pressure of 5 or 15 MPa. The pressure had no significant effect on the solubility. The solubility of the fatty acids increased with increasing temperature. At temperatures higher than about 160 degrees C, the logarithm of the solubility in mole fraction was linearly related to the reciprocal of the absolute temperature for each fatty acid, indicating that the water containing solubilized fatty acid molecules formed a regular solution at the higher temperatures. The enthalpy of a solution of the fatty acids in water, which was evaluated from the linear relationship at the given temperatures, increased linearly with the carbon number of the fatty acid.



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