[Mutations in the HFE gene (C282Y, H63D, S65C) in alcoholic patients with finding of iron overload].
ABSTRACT The pathogenesis of iron overload in alcoholic individuals is not fully elucidated. The frequency of mutations in hereditary hemochromatosis (HFE) is high in this population. Heterozygotes show data of iron overload similar to those in alcoholic individuals.
To analyze whether iron excess among alcoholic individuals is associated with mutations in C282Y, H63D or S65C in the HFE gene. Patients and methods. Thirty-two active alcoholic individuals (29 males and 3 females, age range 30-67 years) with data of iron overload (increased serum ferritin with or without saturation of increased transferrin) were studied. In all individuals, mutations C282Y, H63D and S65C were investigated. From 16 cases, liver histology was available. Data on iron overload were compared between patients with and without mutations.
Twenty-two patients (68.8%) did not show any mutation, one (3.1%) was heterozygous for C282Y, three (9.4%) were homozygous for H63D, four (12.5%) were heterozygous for H63D, and two patients (6.3%) were heterozygous for C282Y/H63D. None of the patients was homozygous for C282Y or presented mutation in S65C. Transferrin saturation, serum ferritin and liver iron index were similar among with and without mutations. Three patients (9.3%) were diagnosed of hemochromatosis. One of them was homozygous for H63D, other patient was heterozygous for the combined C282Y/H63D, and in the remaining patient none of the mutations was found.
In our setting, iron overload among alcoholic individuals seems to be independent of the presence of mutations C282Y, H63D and S65C in the HFE gene.
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the prevalence of HFE gene mutation and indices of disturbed iron homeostasis in alcoholics with and without liver disease. One hundred and fifty-three heavy drinkers (defined as alcohol consumption > 80 g/d for at least 5 years) were included in the study. These comprised 78 patients with liver disease [liver disease alcoholics (LDA)] in whom the presence of liver disease was confirmed by liver biopsy or clinical evidence of hepatic decompensation, and 75 subjects with no evidence of liver disease, determined by normal liver tests on two occasions [non-liver disease alcoholics (NLDA)], were consecutively enrolled. Serum markers of iron status and HFE C282Y and H63D mutations were determined. HFE genotyping was compared with data obtained in healthy blood donors from the same geographical area. Gender ratio was similar in both study groups. LDA patients were older than NLDA patients (52 +/- 10 years vs 48 +/- 11 years, P = 0.03). One third and one fifth of the study population had serum transferrin saturation (TS) greater than 45% and 60% respectively. Serum iron levels were similar in both groups. However, LDA patients had higher TS (51 +/- 27 vs 36 +/- 13, P < 0.001) and ferritin levels (559 +/- 607 ng/mL vs 159 +/- 122 ng/mL, P < 0.001), and lower total iron binding capacity (TIBC) (241 +/- 88 microg/dL vs 279 +/- 40 microg/dL, P = 0.001). The odds ratio for having liver disease with TS greater than 45% was 2.20 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.37-3.54). There was no difference in C282Y allelic frequency between the two groups. However, H63D was more frequent in LDA patients (0.25 vs 0.16, P = 0.03). LDA patients had a greater probability of carrying at least one HFE mutation than NLDA patients (49.5% vs 31.6%, P = 0.02). The odds ratio for LDA in patients with H63D mutation was 1.57 (95% CI: 1.02-2.40). The present study confirms the presence of iron overload in alcoholics, which was more severe in the subset of subjects with liver disease, in parallel with an increased frequency of H63D HFE mutation.World Journal of Gastroenterology 02/2009; 15(1):106-11. · 2.55 Impact Factor