Growth and growth hormone status after a bone marrow transplant.
ABSTRACT The three most common clinical situations which have given rise to diagnostic and therapeutic issues involve the child treated for: (1) a brain tumour or extracranial tumour with radiotherapy (XRT) which includes an XRT dose of > or =30 Gy to the hypothalamic-pituitary axis; (2) acute lymphoblastic leukaemia with a cranial XRT dose of 18-24 Gy, and (3) haematological malignancy or solid tumour requiring total body irradiation (dose 10-14 Gy) and BMT. The decision about the intent to treat and the timing of GH replacement needs to be taken in collaboration with the paediatric oncologist who will provide guidance about overall prognosis and the risk of relapse. After a dose of > or =30 Gy to the hypothalamic pituitary axis the risk of GH deficiency (GHD) 2 years later is very high (>50%) and therefore there is 'solid' epidemiological evidence, which predicts outcome. Therapeutically the choice is whether or not to offer GH replacement at 2 years in the presence of biochemical evidence of GHD but independent of auxology, or wait until the growth rate declines. Diagnostically the IGF-1 SDS is more useful than previously thought, particularly if XRT-induced GHD is severe; there may, however, be systematic discordancy between the GH responses to different pharmacological stimuli (ITT vs. arginine). For irradiated children in categories 2 and 3, greater emphasis is placed on auxology in determining the need for assessment of GH status. Early rather than very precocious puberty is a real issue and needs to be actively treated with a GnRH analogue if final height appears to be significantly compromised.
- SourceAvailable from: onlinelibrary.wiley.com[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Treosulfan is an immuno-suppressive and myeloablative alkylating agent that has been introduced as a conditioning agent in stem cell transplantation (SCT). Most studies have been performed in adult patients with malignancy where a low incidence of regimen-related toxicity has been reported. We report the use of treosulfan in 32 consecutive children undergoing SCT for non-malignant disease. Patients received a total treosulfan dose of 36 or 42 g/m(2)/patient given in three daily, divided doses. A range of other conditioning agents and serotherapy was administered to patients who underwent family donor SCT (n = 11), or unrelated donor SCT (n = 21). One patient (3%) died early. Transplant morbidity was limited and mucositis was only mild. Dermatological toxicity was frequent but mild. Twenty-eight patients (87.5%) established donor cell engraftment. In 25 patients (78%) there was adequate, stable donor engraftment. Four patients have required additional transplant procedures to maintain adequate donor-derived haemopoiesis. Twenty-seven patients (84%) survive with a median follow up of 417 d. There were four late deaths due to progression of the underlying disease, graft-versus-host disease or infection. Treosulfan-based conditioning regimens achieve excellent engraftment with reduced regimen-related toxicity in children with non-malignant disease at high risk for both regimen-related toxicity and graft failure.British Journal of Haematology 06/2008; 142(2):257-62. · 4.94 Impact Factor
- The Korean journal of hematology 01/2007; 42(4).
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Growth failure is one of the most common late complications in children undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT). The present report describes a qualitative method of evaluating height growth after SCT, using a growth chart. The patients were divided into three groups according to the shape of their growth chart: the normal growth chart group, the early-onset growth retardation group (E-group), in which a decreased growth rate was seen during the first year after SCT, and the late-onset growth retardation group (L-group), in which a decreased growth rate was seen more than 1 yr after the SCT. In the E-group, total body irradiation and prolonged steroid therapy were thought to contribute to the growth failure, whereas in the L-group, impaired pubertal development was thought to be responsible. The growth pattern in the L-group may, therefore, be of particular clinical importance, because the final stature of the subjects in this group can be improved by pharmacological adjustment of pubertal onset. Although limited by the small size and heterogeneous nature of the sample, our results suggest that growth-chart-based evaluation may provide important information to stratify subjects showing inadequate growth after SCT into two groups whose follow-up and treatment should be individualized.Pediatric Transplantation 03/2006; 10(1):26-31. · 1.50 Impact Factor