Article

[Advanced oxidation protein products in pregnancy].

Ustav lékarské biochemie 1. LF UK Praha.
Ceska gynekologie / Ceska lekarska spolecnost J. Ev. Purkyne 07/2002; 67(4):194-7.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pregnancy and mainly its complications are associated with increased oxidative stress. Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) can serve as one of its markers.
First Institute of Medical Chemistry and Biochemistry and Institute for Clinical Biochemistry, First Medical Faculty, Charles University; Institute for Care of Mother and Child, Prague.
Together with parameters of prenatal screening, AOPP were measured in the serum of 23 pregnant women in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy. A group of healthy blood donors--women and men was used for comparison. AOPP were determined spectrophotometrically according to Witko-Sarsat (absorbance at 340 nm) and are expressed in chloramin units (mumol/l).
Serum AOPP concentrations in pregnant women are significantly higher in comparison with blood donors--women (85.90 +/- 18.70 mumol/l vs 57.34 +/- 16.31 mumol/l, P < 0.0001) but there is no statistically significant difference between pregnant women and blood donors--men (85.90 +/- 18.70 mumol/l vs 78.60 +/- 44.01 mumol/l). AOPP level does not correlate either with the age of pregnant women or with the parameters of prenatal screening (human chorionic gonadotrophin--HCG, alpha-1-fetoprotein--AFP and trophoblast-specific--beta-1-glycoproteion--SP1).
AOPP as a marker of oxidative stress is increased in the serum of pregnant women in comparison with women--blood donors but is similar as in men--blood donors which supports the hypothesis of hormonal influence. Nevertheless, AOPP do not correlate with the parameters of prenatal screening (HCG, AFP and SP1).

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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress impairs endothelial function and may play an important role in the pathogenesis of acute cardiovascular diseases. Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) were proposed as one of the possible markers of oxidative injury, which originates under oxidative and carbonyl stress and increase global inflammatory activity. The present study was undertaken to compare AOPP concentrations in a control group of healthy individuals without ICHS (I), patients with stable angina pectoris (II), patients with acute coronary syndrome over 48 hours without ST elevations (III), and patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (IV). Coronaronary angiography, risk factors and anamnestic data were analyzed. We examined 73 probands with signs of myocardial ischemia, mean age of 61.5 years (64% males) subjected to coronarography and 21 healthy individuals. No significant difference was found between venous blood and coronary samples, or between infarction and non-infarction arteries in the group IV. AOPP concentrations in healthy individuals in the group I (82.9 +/- 29.3 mmol/l) did not differ significantly from patients in group II (89.6 +/- 26.7 mmol/l) and group III (112.3 +/- 54.6 mmol/l). A significant difference in AOPP values was found between the groups I and IV, and between the groups II and IV (82.9 +/- 29.3 mmol/l vs. 125.8 +/- 101 mmol/l, p = 0.02, and 89.6 +/- 26.7 mmol/l vs. 125.8 +/- 101 mmol/l, p = 0.02). No correlations were found between AOPP and body mass index (BMI), nicotinism, left ventricular ejection fraction, parameters of glucose and lipid metabolism. ROC analysis revealed that AOPP concentrations of 89 mmol/l had 64% sensitivity and 71% specificity for revealing an acute coronary syndrome (AUC 0.65, 95% CI 0.55-0.80). AOPP are significantly increased in patients with acute coronary syndromes with ST segment elevation, but also tend to increase in patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Our observations suggest that AOPP may be used as a marker of oxidative stress and as a prognostic factor for severe forms of cardiovascular disease. A cut-off value of 89 mmol/l can be used with 64% sensitivity and 71% specificity for revealing acute coronary syndrome.
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