Effects of a telephone-based psychosocial intervention for patients awaiting lung transplantation

Department of Surgery, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States
Chest (Impact Factor: 7.13). 10/2002; 122(4):1176-84. DOI: 10.1378/chest.122.4.1176
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To test the efficacy of a tailored telephone-based intervention consisting of supportive counseling and cognitive behavioral techniques for individuals awaiting lung transplantation on measures of quality of life and general well-being.
Patients were randomly assigned to either a telephone-based special intervention (SI; n = 36) for 8 weeks (average session length, 16.3 min) or a usual care (UC) control condition (n = 35) in which subjects received usual medical care but no special treatment or phone calls. At baseline, and immediately following the 8-week intervention, patients completed a psychometric test battery.
Duke University Medical Center, Pulmonary Transplantation Program.
Seventy-one patients with end-stage pulmonary disease listed for lung transplantation. Primary outcome measures: Measures of health-related quality of life (both general and disease-specific), general psychological well-being, and social support.
Multivariate analysis of covariance, adjusting for pretreatment baseline scores, age, gender, and time waiting on the transplant list, revealed that patients in the SI condition compared to the UC reported greater general well-being (p < 0.05), better general quality of life (p < 0.01), better disease-specific quality of life (p < 0.05), and higher levels of social support (p < 0.0001).
A brief, relatively inexpensive, telephone-based psychosocial intervention is an effective method for reducing distress and increasing health-related quality of life in patients awaiting lung transplantation.

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    • "For example, patients in the TAU condition in Simon's and Tutty's studies (Simon et al., 2004; Tutty et al., 2000) were under the care of primarycare physicians who prescribed antidepressant medications . Most of the remaining studies were conducted with patients who had some form of severe medical condition (e.g., multiple sclerosis, lung cancer, breast cancer, AIDS), which put them in frequent contact with medical care providers who may or may not have prescribed medications (Bailey et al., 2004; Heckman et al., 2006; Mohr et al., 2000; Napolitano et al., 2002; Sandgren & McCaul, 2003). In contrast, many psychotherapy studies using no-treatment conditions prohibit any psychological or pharmacological intervention outside the study and/or do not include patients with medical conditions that bring them into frequent contact with physicians who could potentially identify and treat the depression. "
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