Detection of dermicidin-derived peptides in sweat by ProteinChip (R) Technology

Section for Transplantation Immunology and Immunohaematology, University of Tuebingen, Waldhoernlestr. 22, 72072, Tuebingen, Germany.
Journal of Immunological Methods (Impact Factor: 2.01). 01/2003; 270(1):53-62. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1759(02)00229-6
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Recently, a novel antimicrobial peptide DCD-1, derived from the Dermcidin (DCD) gene and secreted by sweat glands, has been described by Schittek et al. [Nat. Immunol. 2 (2001) 1133.]. Here we describe the application of the surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionisation (SELDI) technology for the detection of DCD-1 and other dermcidin-derived peptides directly from microlitre amounts of human sweat. The advantages of the technique are as follows: (a) it can be carried out with ease and rapidity; (b) multiple samples can be processed simultaneously; (c) prior purification is not required; and (d) only a limited sample volume is necessary for both protein profiling and semiquantitation. Profiling of human sweat from various donors revealed that in addition to DCD-1, other DCD-derived peptide species were also present in significant quantities. Four of five identified peptides were DCD-1 related, while the fifth corresponded to a portion of the DCD protein outside the DCD-1 core. This provides clues as to how the novel protein is processed to its active form, though further work remains to elucidate this fully. Thus, we have demonstrated the applicability of such technology to the detection of DCD-1 and for the protein profiling of sweat in general. Such studies could reveal valuable new biomarkers for diagnosis and treatment of skin and sweat gland disorders.

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