Apology, justice, and trauma recovery

Faculty of Social Work, Centre for Applied Social Research, University of Toronto, 246 Bloor Street, West Toronto, Ontario M6R 2W9.
The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law (Impact Factor: 0.93). 02/2002; 30(3):425-30.
Source: PubMed
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Available from: Cheryl Regehr,
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    • "With respect to the relation between victims' current mental health and their expressed wishes for an apology by the Catholic Church, the same explanations as aforementioned may pertain. Additionally, researchers have indicated a relation between an apology in terms of recognition and crime victims' mental health or " healing " (Regehr, Gutheil, 2002: 430; Allan, 2007: 8). According to these approaches, receiving a sincere apology is necessary to unleash the healing process, for example due to empowering the victim and let him/her know that the offender has chosen him/her randomly (as opposed to specific victim characteristics). "

    Temida 01/2014; 17(3):27-48. DOI:10.2298/TEM1403027H
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    • "Some have questioned whether an apology is a necessary precursor to forgiveness (e.g.. Finch, 2006). Others have looked at cultural differences in response to apology or at apology in cultures other khan the United States (Fukuno & Ohbuchi, 1998; Sugimoto, 1998)J Still others have studied the use of apology in a legal or mediation setting (Cohen, 1999; Regehr & Gutheil, 2002; Rehm & Beatty, 1996; Schneider, 2000; Worthington, 2000). A modicum of research exists on restitution (Beattie & Baron, 1995; Kelley et al., 2003) and offers of compensation (Schmitt, Gollwitzer, Förster, & Montada, 2004). "
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    ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT. Research has generated various definitions of forgiveness, apology, and restitution. We have reviewed the literature Goncerning these constructs and the variables relating to them, specifically in relation to religious leaders that have offended congregations by violating sexual boundaries with congregants. We looked at what forgiveness is and is not. We also looked at apologies and the variables that contribute to their acceptance. Furthermore, we reviewed restitution, including symbolic restitution when concrete restitution is impossible. We suggested apology and restitution can impact the forgiveness process and concluded with ideas for further research, as well as clinical and interpersonal applications, based on the information gleaned from the research on these constructs.
    Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health 11/2008; 10(4):308-327. DOI:10.1080/19349630802417851
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    ABSTRACT: This paper is a critique of forgiveness therapy that focuses on the cultural contexts in which forgiveness therapy arose, with a special focus on the movement to address the victimization of women. I describe forgiveness as described by forgiveness therapy advocates and the moral and non-moral benefits claimed on its behalf. I then describe the cultural context that may explain the popularity of this form of therapy at this historical moment; the first context is a broad cultural context, looking at ideologies and practices that support forgiveness as a therapeutic intervention; the second context is the more narrow context of a movement within the field of psychology called "positive psychology" that also supports forgiveness interventions; and the third context, is the ideologies and narratives around victimization and in particular victimization against women that have led to an application of forgiveness therapy for victims of abuse (Freedman & Enright, 1996). After describing these three contexts in which forgiveness therapy arose, I present a critique from a feminist as well as a broader humanistic/psychodynamic perspective. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 01/2005; 25(1):61-80. DOI:10.1037/h0091251
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