[Acquired and inherited hypercoagulability among patients with cerebral venous thrombosis].
ABSTRACT Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is considered to be a relative unusual pathology, probably underdiagnosed. Many acquired and inherited hypercoagulability states (HS) have been described as cause of CVT.
[corrected] We evaluated the incidence of acquired and inherited thrombophilic risk factors in a population of CVT patients.
Hypercoagulability studies were to carried out for patients suffering from radiologically confirmed CVT during a 3 year period (1998-2000). Prothrombin time, aPTT, protein C, protein S and antithrombin III activities, screening and confirmatory tests for lupus anticoagulant (LA), and activated protein C resistance (APCR) were tested. Genetic tests for G1691A factor V (Factor V Leiden), G20210A prothrombin and C677T methylentetrahidrofolate reductase (MTHFR) were performed. Computer database was used for descriptive statistics.
16 patients with CVT (M/F, 6/10) were screened for inherited and acquired coagulation disorders. Mean age of 23.66 years with standard desviation of 19.74 years. Two older patients had antecedents of thrombosis (ischemic stroke and deep-vein thrombosis in leg). We found 1 heterocygosis factor V Leiden associated to LA, 2 heterocygosis G20210A prothrombin (one associated to LA), 2 homocygosis C677T MTHFR, 1 hereditary antithrombin III deficiency and 4 LA.
Although this is a small series, we found a high incidence of hereditary (37.5%) and acquired (37.5%) thrombophilia in patients with CVT.
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ABSTRACT: This review will focus on recent developments in our understanding of cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis (CVST), as a side effect of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) use. Case-control studies have shown an increased risk of CVST in women who use COCs, especially third-generation contraceptives that contain gestodene or desogestrel. Several studies have indicated that the combination of COCs and thrombophilia greatly increased the risk of CVST, particularly in women with hyperhomocysteinaemia, factor V Leiden and the prothrombin-gene mutation. Women with thrombophilia who developed CVST while taking oral contraceptives should be definitively advised to stop using COCs. These patients should be considered for preventive therapy with low doses of heparin in prothrombotic situations such as bed rest or pregnancy, and the duration of anticoagulation should be considered on a case-by-case basis. Patients may be considered candidates for chronic treatment with antiplatelet agents. The best and most cost-effective screening method for thrombophilia in women who are planning to conceive is selective screening based on the presence of previous personal or family history of either prior extracerebral or cerebral venous thromboembolism events.Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 06/2007; 115(5):295-300. · 2.47 Impact Factor