Energy response of an imaging plate exposed to standard beta sources

Department of Radiation Oncology, Vanderbilt University, The Vanderbilt Clinic, B-902, 1301 22nd Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37232-5671, USA.
Applied Radiation and Isotopes (Impact Factor: 1.23). 01/2003; 57(6):875-82. DOI: 10.1016/S0969-8043(02)00199-9
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Imaging plates (IPs) are a reusable media, which when exposed to ionizing radiation, store a latent image that can be read out with a red laser as photostimulated luminescence (PSL). They are widely used as a substitute for X-ray films for diagnostic studies. In diagnostic radiology this technology is known as computed radiography. In this work, the energy response of a commercial IP to beta-particle reference radiation fields used for calibrations at the National Institute of Standards and Technology was investigated. The absorbed dose in the active storage phosphor layer was calculated following the scaling procedure for depth dose for high Z materials with reference to water. It was found that the beta particles from Pm-147 and Kr-85 gave 68% and 24% higher PSL responses than that induced by Sr-90, respectively, which was caused by the different PSL detection efficiencies. In addition, normalized response curves of the IPs as a function of depth in polystyrene were measured and compared with the data measured using extrapolation chamber techniques. The difference between both sets of data resulted from the continuous energy change as the beta particle travels across the material, which leads to a different PSL response.

Download full-text


Available from: Dennis Duggan, Oct 21, 2014
13 Reads
    • "PSPs were also found to be a useful tool for measuring doses from beta sources. The response to 147Pm beta rays was found to be higher than to 90Sr and 85Kr beta rays by 68% and 35% respectively.[53] The utility of these dosimeters has now been extended[54] to cover neutron fields by sandwiching a PSP between polythene plates for using recoil protons and between nylon plates for using the 14N(n,p)14C reaction for detection of neutrons. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: During the last 10 years, optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) has emerged as a formidable competitor not only to thermoluminescence dosimetry (TLD) but also to several other dosimetry systems. Though a large number of materials have been synthesized and studied for OSL, Al(2)O(3):C continues to dominate the dosimetric applications. Re-investigations of OSL in BeOindicate that this material might provide an alternative to Al(2)O(3):C. Study of OSL of electronic components of mobile phones and ID cards appears to have opened up a feasibility of dosimetry and dose reconstruction using the electronic components of gadgets of everyday use in the events of unforeseen situations of radiological accidents, including the event of a dirty bomb by terrorist groups. Among the newly reported materials, a very recent development of NaMgF(3):Eu(2+) appears fascinating because of its high OSL sensitivity and tolerable tissue equivalence. In clinical dosimetry, an OSL as a passive dosimeter could do all that TLD can do, much faster with a better or at least the same efficiency; and in addition, it provides a possibility of repeated readout unlike TLD, in which all the dose information is lost in a single readout. Of late, OSL has also emerged as a practical real-time dosimeter for in vivo measurements in radiation therapy (for both external beams and brachytherapy) and in various diagnostic radiological examinations including mammography and CT dosimetry. For in vivo measurements, a probe of Al(2)O(3):C of size of a fraction of a millimeter provides the information on both the dose rate and the total dose from the readout of radioluminescence and OSL signals respectively, from the same probe. The availability of OSL dosimeters in various sizes and shapes and their performance characteristics as compared to established dosimeters such as plastic scintillation dosimeters, diode detectors, MOSFET detectors, radiochromic films, etc., shows that OSL may soon become the first choice for point dose measurements in clinical applications. A brief review of the recent developments is presented.
    Journal of Medical Physics 07/2008; 33(3):85-99. DOI:10.4103/0971-6203.42748
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The two-dimensional spatial distribution of microdischarges in atmospheric pressure dielectric-barrier discharges (DBDs) in air was studied. Experimental images of DBDs (Lichtenberg figures) were obtained using photostimulable phosphors. The storage phosphor imaging method takes advantage of the linear response of the phosphor for characterization of microdischarge intensity and position. A microdischarge interaction model in DBDs is proposed and a Monte Carlo simulation of microdischarge interactions in the discharge is presented. Comparison of modelled and experimental images indicates interactions and short-range structuring of microdischarge channels.
    Plasma Sources Science and Technology 11/2004; 13(4). DOI:10.1088/0963-0252/13/4/011 · 3.59 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The BaFBrI:Eu2+ storage phosphor plate (SPP) is a reusable radiation image detector, widely used in diagnostic computed radiography, x-ray crystallography and radioactive tracer studies. When exposed to ionizing radiation, the SPP stores a latent image until it is scanned with a red reading laser which causes blue photostimulated luminescent (PSL) photons to be emitted. The mechanism of formation of the latent image is still poorly understood, especially for megavoltage photon beams. In order to gain insight into this mechanism and aid applications to high-energy beam dosimetry, the authors have directly determined the SPP generation efficiency, W, the energy required to produce one quantum of emitted PSL when it is irradiated by 60Co and 6 MV photon beams. This was done in four steps: 1. The SPP, in a water-equivalent plastic (WEP) phantom, was exposed to a 60Co or 6 MV beam, which had been calibrated to give a known absorbed dose to water in a water phantom at the position of the sensitive layer of the SPP. 2. Monte Carlo simulations were used to calculate the ratio of the dose to the sensitive layer in the WEP phantom to the dose to water at the same position in a water phantom. 3. A bleaching experiment was used to determine the number of photons emitted by a plate given a known dose. 4. The generation efficiency was calculated from the number of photons and the dose. This method is much more direct than previous calculations for kilovoltage x-ray beams based on quantum noise analysis. W was found, within experimental uncertainty, to be 190 eV for 60Co and 160 eV for 6 MV, independent of dose. The values for kilovoltage x-ray beams determined previously agree, within their large uncertainty, with these values for megavoltage beams.
    Medical Physics 02/2007; 34(1):103-11. DOI:10.1118/1.2400617 · 2.64 Impact Factor
Show more