Embolization for advanced abdominal pregnancy with a retained placenta. A case report.

Divisions of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Endocrinology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of South Florida, Tampa, USA.
The Journal of reproductive medicine (Impact Factor: 0.58). 11/2002; 47(10):861-3.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Abdominal pregnancy is not encountered commonly, and management of the placenta is controversial.
A 33-year-old woman presented with an abdominal pregnancy at 33 weeks' gestation with fetal death. The placental vasculature was embolized preoperatively. Following operative delivery. of the fetus, the placenta was left in situ in efforts to preserve fertility given its implantation on the reproductive organs. The patient suffered prolonged postoperative ileus but otherwise did well. Placental function ceased after two months.
Placental vasculature embolization is a management option for a retained placenta associated with abdominal pregnancy.

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    ABSTRACT: Advanced abdominal pregnancy is rare. The low incidence, high misdiagnosis rate, and lack of specific clinical signs and symptoms explain the fact that there are no standard diagnostic and treatment options available for advanced abdominal pregnancy. We managed a case of abdominal pregnancy in a woman who was pregnant for the first time. This case was further complicated by a concurrent singleton intrauterine pregnancy; the twin pregnancy was not detected until 20 weeks of pregnancy. The case was confirmed at 26 weeks gestational age using MRI to be an abdominal combined with intrauterine pregnancy. The pregnancy was terminated by cesarean section at 33 + 5 weeks gestation. We collected the relevant data of the case while reviewing the advanced abdominal pregnancy-related English literature in the Pubmed, Proquest, and OVID databases. We compared and analyzed the pregnancy history, gestational age when the diagnosis was confirmed, the placental colonization position, the course of treatment and surgical processes, related concurrency rate, post-operative drug treatment programs, and follow-up results with the expectation to provide guidance for other physicians who might encounter similar cases.
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    ABSTRACT: Objective We report an uneventful conservative approach of an advanced abdominal pregnancy discovered at 22 weeks of gestation. Study Design This study is a case report. Results Attempting to extend gestation of an advanced abdominal pregnancy is not a common strategy and is widely questioned. According to the couple's request, the management consisted in continuous hospitalization, regular ultrasound scan, and antenatal corticosteroids. While the woman remained asymptomatic, surgery was planned at 32 weeks, leading to the birth of a preterm child without any long-term complications. Placenta was left in situ with a prophylactic embolization, and its resorption was monitored. Conclusion Depending on multidisciplinary cares and agreement of the parents, when late discovered, prolonging advanced abdominal pregnancy appears to be a reasonable option.
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