Chromatographic enrichment and enantiomer separation of axially chiral polybrominated biphenyls in a technical mixture.
ABSTRACT The separation properties of different chromatographic methods regarding the enantioselective separation of axially chiral (atropisomeric) polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) were studied. For this purpose, the technical hexabromobiphenyl product Firemaster BP-6 was characterised by gas-chromatography coupled to electron capture detection (GC/ECD) and electron-capture negative ion mass spectrometry (GC/ECNI-MS) as well as by liquid chromatographic fractionating on active carbon and celite. Twelve individual PBBs including potential atropisomeric PBBs were isolated from Firemaster BP-6 by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) on three serially coupled octadecylsilane columns. Six of the 12 isolated PBBs (three tri-ortho and di-ortho substituted PBBs, respectively) were separated into atropisomers on a HPLC column containing permethylated beta-cyclodextrin on silica. Moreover, the temperature dependency of the enantiomer separations is discussed. Gas chromatographic enantiomer separation of PBBs is a very demanding task due to high elution temperatures. However, the atropisomers of one tri-ortho substituted PBB congener (PBB 149) could be resolved on a column coated with randomly modified heptakis(6-O-tert.-butyldimethylsilyl-2,3-di-O-methyl)-beta-cyclodextrin in OV 1701.
Article: Synthesis, complete characterization, and enantioselective electrokinetic separation of functionalized ruthenium complex enantiomers.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Electrokinetic chromatography was employed to separate the enantiomers of two novel functionalized ruthenium(II) complexes with different polypyridyl coordination spheres. The use of anionic carboxymethyl-beta-cyclodextrin as chiral mobile phase additive resulted in maximum efficiency and resolution for the enantiomer separation of both transition metal complexes. The syntheses of the [4-(3-hydroxypropyl)-4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridine]-bis(2,2'-bipyridine)rethenium(II)-bis(tetrafluoroborate) and [4-(3-hydroxypropyl)-4'-methyl-2,2'-bipyridine]-bis(4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bypyridine)ruthenium(II)-bis(tetrafluoroborate) complexes and their complete characterization by means of two-dimensional (1)H and (13)C[(1)H] NMR techniques ((1)H-(1)H COSY and (1)H-(13)C HMQC) as well as elemental analyses and MALDI-TOFMS are described in detail. The functionalized complexes can be used as building blocks for further reactions with polymers, biopolymers, surfaces and nanoparticles.Chirality 08/2004; 16(6):363-8. · 2.35 Impact Factor