Article

Preparing complementary and alternative practitioners to teach learners in conventional health professions.

Department of Family Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA.
Alternative therapies in health and medicine (Impact Factor: 1.77). 01/2002; 8(6):54-9.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Federal funding is supporting complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) educational programming in health-professions schools in the United States. CAM practitioners from a wide range of disciplines are now being invited to participate as instructors or content experts in this effort. The challenge is to promote effective and consistent teaching methods around appropriate content. This article describes the development of a series of 4 workshops intended to enhance the teaching skills of 9 complementary medicine practitioners participating in an educational project at the University of North Carolina. Key issues addressed in the workshops included the interface between CAM and conventional medicine, a better understanding of the nature of conventional medical practice, styles and strategies in teaching complementary medicine, and building skills in accessing information from databases.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
44 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Data relating to the use of complementary/alternative medicine (CAM) in cancer patients have been published for a number of European countries. No recent data are available for Austria. To ascertain the extent of CAM use by cancer patients, what patients' motives are, what methods are used and who the CAM providers are. Self-administered questionnaire; cross-sectional study. A sample of 231 cancer patients who had consulted the Viennese Cancer League. Chi-square and Mantel-Haenszel tests were used for the statistical evaluation. 27.3% of the cancer patients had received CAM therapy: 33.1% of the female and 20.5% of the male participants (p = 0.045). Those who were below the median of the age categories (53.8 years) had used CAM to a statistically higher degree (35.5% vs. 21.1%; p = 0.023). The most important motives were the enhancement of "nature" and the GPs' recommendation. CAM was administered in 44.4% of cases by the family doctor, in 39.7% by patients themselves, in 6.3% by a hospital doctor, in 6.3% by a lay-practitioner or "non-medical practitioner against payment" and in 4.8% of cases by a practising oncologist. From the high percentage of patients who use CAM without consulting a physician or who follow the advice of others, it would seem highly probable that conventional and complementary methods are rarely effectively coordinated. To rectify this we conclude that oncologists and GPs should have a basic knowledge of CAM and address the issue when counselling their cancer patients.
    Wiener klinische Wochenschrift 11/2003; 115(19-20):705-9. · 0.81 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study assessed the impact of acculturation on the prevalence of traditional Chinese medicine and other complementary and alternative medicine (TCM/CAM) use in newly diagnosed Chinese cancer patients. The individual determinants of TCM/CAM use among patients were also investigated. A consecutive sample of Chinese cancer patients treated at the British Columbia Cancer Agency was surveyed at admission using a 15-item questionnaire. Items included TCM/CAM use, sociodemographics, as well as medical and cultural factors. Data were analyzed using bivariate methods including Pearson's X (2) test and Student's t test. As well, multiple logistic regression was used to obtain the final causal model. Of the 230 respondents, 57% completed the survey in Chinese and 94% were immigrants. The average age was 59. Participants had a mean disease duration of approximately 2 months and 79% had already received at least one conventional treatment. Overall, TCM/CAM was used by 47% of respondents. Herbal remedies, vitamins/minerals, and prayer were the most commonly used therapies. Multivariable analysis showed that prior TCM/CAM use (p < 0.001), having received conventional treatment(s) (p = 0.029), and being less acculturated (p = 0.028) were associated with TCM/CAM use. Prevalence and type of use were found to vary as a function of the degree of acculturation. Health care practitioners would be well advised to discuss TCM/CAM use with their patients, especially those who are less acculturated to Western society, since they are the most likely users of TCM/CAM.
    Supportive Care Cancer 09/2007; 15(8):985-92. · 2.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Efforts to build a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) education and research infrastructure have been productive. Development has focused largely on graduate, postgraduate, and professional level training. This paper examines baccalaureate programs, looking at the prevalence and characteristics of CAM and holistic health training in the United States. A comprehensive literature and web site search was conducted to find educational institutions offering baccalaureate programs in CAM or holistic health. Search criteria included accredited undergraduate programs terminating in a minor, an AA, or a BA/BS degree. A search of health and education databases produced marginal results. Internet searches, by contrast, were very productive in locating CAM or holistic health-related programs generally and baccalaureate programs specifically. The most effective search strings included terms such as "holistic health," "minor," "certificate," and "undergraduate." Using these terms, 5 programs were found in the United States that met the inclusion criteria: Arizona State University East, Bastyr University, San Francisco State University, Metropolitan State College of Denver, and Georgian Court College. Preparing tomorrow's scholars and clinicians to contribute meaningfully to this emerging healthcare paradigm will require a plan that integrates all elements of higher education. The creation of a truly effective workforce of CAM-competent M.D.s, nurses, health educators, pharmacists, and other allied health professionals will increasingly necessitate baccalaureate preparation. Curriculum discussions at the campus, state, and national levels are needed.
    The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 01/2005; 10(6):1115-21. · 1.46 Impact Factor