Spouse similarity for antisocial behaviour in the general population.
ABSTRACT In contrast with the large amount of research on the familial transmission of antisocial behaviour, few studies have investigated similarity between spouses for such behaviour. In addition, none of these studies have examined child conduct disorder (CCD) and adult antisocial behaviour (AAB) separately.
We studied 519 pairs of spouses who completed the Diagnostic Interview Schedule. In each pair, one spouse belonged to a random subsample of persons who had participated in a large population survey and was re-interviewed. Association between spouses for lifetime symptoms and DSM-III criteria of CCD, AAB, antisocial personality disorder and co-morbid psychiatric diagnoses was examined with bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses.
We observed a moderate association between spouses for the presence of CCD (OR = 4.02, 95% CI = 2.03-7.96), and a strong association for the presence of AAB (OR = 20.1, 95 % CI = 5.97-67.5). This similarity for AAB was independent of the similarity for CCD and persisted after adjustment for spousal similarity for disorders co-morbid with AAB. An examination of the relationship between marital status and the presence of CCD and/or AAB in the general population sample (from which originated our sample of couples) suggested that the spousal similarity for AAB was more likely attributable to assortative mating rather than marital contamination.
Our finding of a strong similarity between spouses for AAB has significant implications for both clinicians and researchers. It also suggests that adult antisocial behaviour should be considered as a distinct diagnostic entity, an approach which diverges from DSM-IV diagnostic criteria.
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ABSTRACT: Research indicates a strong connection between a childhood trauma history and the perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence (IPV) in both men and women. However, it is unknown whether couples in which both partners have trauma history (dual-trauma couples) differ in their experience of IPV. Therefore, this study assessed 473 heterosexual couples in which the man had been court-mandated to treatment for IPV, comparing couples with no self-reported history of trauma, couples in which only the man or only the woman had experienced childhood trauma, and dual-trauma couples. Men in dual-trauma couples reported engaging in more psychological and physical aggression against their partners than did other men, including those who also had a history of trauma but whose partners did not. Men in dual-trauma couples also acknowledged more borderline and antisocial personality features, suicidal ideation, alcohol abuse, and a tendency for more drug abuse and more general violence outside the relationship. However, their female partners described them as less psychologically aggressive than men in couples with no trauma history, as no more physically aggressive, and as less likely to have been arrested for violence or any other offense than men in all other couple categories. Women from dual-trauma couples also reported engaging in fewer help-seeking behaviors than did women without a history of trauma, suggesting their vulnerability to ongoing abuse. Implications for future research and intervention are considered. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)Psychological Trauma Theory Research Practice and Policy 05/2014; 6(3):224. DOI:10.1037/a0036404 · 0.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to investigate the dyadic associations between subclinical primary and secondary psychopathic traits and romantic attachment dimensions (avoidance and anxiety) in a sample of 140 couples from the community. Both partners completed self-report measures of psychopathic traits and romantic attachment. Actor–partner interdependence model analyses showed an actor effect of primary psychopathic traits on attachment anxiety and avoidance, but only for men. Results also showed an actor effect of secondary psychopathic traits on attachment anxiety and avoidance for women and men. A partner effect was observed between secondary psychopathic traits in women and their male partners’ attachment anxiety. Partner effects of primary and secondary psychopathic traits in men on their female partners’ attachment avoidance were also found. Findings shed new light on theoretical and clinical implications of psychopathic traits within romantic relationships using a dyadic approach.Personality and Individual Differences 01/2015; 72:128–134. DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2014.08.014 · 1.86 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background There is evidence both that parental monitoring is an environmental influence serving to diminish adolescent externalizing problems and that this association may be driven by adolescents' characteristics via genetic and/or environmental mechanisms, such that adolescents with fewer problems tell their parents more, and therefore appear to be better monitored. Without information on how parents' and children's genes and environments influence correlated parent and child behaviors, it is impossible to clarify the mechanisms underlying this association.Method The present study used the Extended Children of Twins model to distinguish types of gene–environment correlation and direct environmental effects underlying associations between parental knowledge and adolescent (age 11–22 years) externalizing behavior with a Swedish sample of 909 twin parents and their adolescent offspring and a US-based sample of 405 White adolescent siblings and their parents.ResultsResults suggest that more parental knowledge is associated with less adolescent externalizing via a direct environmental influence independent of any genetic influences. There was no evidence of a child-driven explanation of the association between parental knowledge and adolescent externalizing problems.Conclusions In this sample of adolescents, parental knowledge exerted an environmental influence on adolescent externalizing after accounting for genetic influences of parents and adolescents. Because the association between parenting and child development originates in the parent, treatment for adolescent externalizing must not only include parents but should also focus on altering their parental style. Thus, findings suggest that teaching parents better knowledge-related monitoring strategies is likely to help reduce externalizing problems in adolescents.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 06/2014; 56(2). DOI:10.1111/jcpp.12288 · 5.67 Impact Factor