Genotyping single-nucleotide polymorphisms by matrix-assisted laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
ABSTRACT In recent years matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI) has emerged as a very powerful method for genotyping single nucleotide polymorphisms. The accuracy, speed of data accumulation, and data structure are the major features of MALDI. Several SNP genotyping methods have been implemented with a high degree of automation and are being applied for large-scale association studies. Most methods for SNP genotyping using MALDI mass spectrometric detection and their potential application for high-throughput are reviewed here.
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ABSTRACT: Recent studies have reported associations of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to both obesity and BMI. This study was designed to investigate association between SIRT1 SNPs, SIRT1 gene expression and obesity. Case-control analyses were performed using 1,533 obese subjects (896 adults, BMI >40 kg/m(2) and 637 children, BMI >97th percentile for age and sex) and 1,237 nonobese controls, all French Caucasians. Two SNPs (in high linkage disequilibrium (LD), r(2) = 0.96) were significantly associated with adult obesity, rs33957861 (P value = 0.003, odds ratio (OR) = 0.75, confidence interval (CI) = 0.61-0.92) and rs11599176 (P value: 0.006, OR = 0.74, CI = 0.61-0.90). Expression of SIRT1 mRNA was measured in BMI-discordant siblings from 154 Swedish families. Transcript expression was significantly correlated to BMI in the lean siblings (r(2) = 0.13, P value = 3.36 × 10(-7)) and lower SIRT1 expression was associated with obesity (P value = 1.56 × 10(-35)). There was also an association between four SNPs (rs11599176, rs12413112, rs33957861, and rs35689145) and BMI (P values: 4 × 10(-4), 6 × 10(-4), 4 × 10(-4), and 2 × 10(-3)) with the rare allele associated with a lower BMI. However, no SNP was associated with SIRT1 transcript expression level. In summary, both SNPs and SIRT1 gene expression are associated with severe obesity.Obesity 07/2011; 20(1):178-85. · 3.92 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Important developments in the matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) technique have generated new perspectives regarding SNP genotyping, which are particularly promising for ancient population-based studies. The main aim of the present study was to investigate the application of a MALDI-TOF MS-based SNP genotyping technique, called iPLEX(®) Gold, to analyze Amerindian ancient DNA samples. The first objective was to test the sensitivity of the method, which is recommended for DNA quantities between 10 and 5 ng, for ancient biological samples containing DNA molecules that were degraded and present in minute quantities. The second objective was to detail the advantages of this technique for studies on ancient populations. Two multiplexes were designed, allowing the major Amerindian mitochondrial and Y haplogroups to be determined simultaneously. This analysis has never been described before. Results demonstrated the reliability and accuracy of the method; data were obtained for both mitochondrial and nuclear DNA using picogram (pg) quantities of nucleic acid. This technique has the advantages of both MS and minisequencing techniques; thus, it should be included in the protocols for future ancient DNA studies.Electrophoresis 02/2011; 32(3-4):386-93. · 3.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Some 15-20% of multiple adenomatous polyposis have no genetic explanation and 20-30% of colorectal cancer (CRC) cases are thought to be due to inherited multifactorial causes. Accumulation of deleterious effects of low-frequency dominant and independently acting variants may be a partial explanation for such patients. The aim of this study was to type a selection of rare and low-frequency variants (<5%) to elucidate their role in CRC susceptibility. A total of 1181 subjects were included (866 controls; 315 cases). Cases comprised UK (n=184) and French (n=131) patients with MAP (n=187) or early-onset CRC (n=128). Seventy variants in 17 genes were examined in cases and controls. The effect of the variant effect on protein function was investigated in silico. Out of the 70 variants typed, 36 (51%) were tested for association. Twenty-one variants were rare (minor allele frequency (MAF) <1%). Four rare variants were found to have a significantly higher MAF in cases (EXO1-12, MLH1-1, CTNNB1-1 and BRCA2-37, P<0.05) than in controls. Pooling all rare variants with a MAF <0.5% showed an excess risk in cases (odds ratio=3.2; 95% confidence interval=1.1-9.5; P=0.04). Rare variants are important risk factors in CRC and, as such, should be systematically assayed alongside common variation in the search for the genetic basis of complex diseases.Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 9 August 2012; doi:10.1038/jhg.2012.99.Journal of Human Genetics 08/2012; · 2.37 Impact Factor